More Broadband

Lean Manufacturing

Coping with Stress

OSHA Courses

AMA Course

Road Alerts

Corporate Angels

Nominate Please

Corrections or additions?

These articles by Michele Alperin, Scott Carpenter, and Tony Faber

were prepared for the January 17, 2001 edition of U.S. 1 Newspaper.

All rights reserved.

Security Issues For Cable & DSL

Would you buy a new sports car that had no door locks

or car alarm? Of course not. Unfortunately, Internet users everywhere

are buying and installing cable modems and DSL (Digital Subscriber

Line) connections that are as fast, sleek and vulnerable as that

lockless,

alarm-less sports car, and the average user does not know how to

protect

their digital lives from a computer hack.

Stephen F. Heffner will discuss how to implement these high

speed Internet connections and protect yourself from nefarious hacking

at the Princeton ACM /IEEE Computer Society meeting at the Sarnoff

Corporation auditorium on Thursday, January 18, at 8 p.m. The meeting

is free. A pre-meeting dinner with Heffner will be at 6 p.m. at the

Rusty Scupper. For more information or to RSVP for the dinner, call

609-924-8704, or E-mail: princetonacm@acm.org.

Heffner, president of Pennington Systems Incorporated,

(www.pennington.com)

a software development company on Independence Way, points out that

home and small business PC users access the Internet one of two ways.

The first is through a dial-up modem connection, using a 56k (or

slower)

modem to connect through a phone line. Increasingly, the second way

is through a broadband connection, typically cable modem or DSL, which

provides an Internet connection utilizing cable television wiring

or a direct Internet wire. Broadband connections are all the rage

for users who crave the speed of a sports car from the Internet.

"Dial up connections provide a dynamically allocated Internet

address, where you are assigned a different Internet address every

time you connect up. With the high speed broadband connections, your

Internet address is static, it always stays the same," says

Heffner.

Therein lies the risk, as practically speaking, dynamic Internet

addresses

are at little risk to a computer hacker. "It serves a hacker no

purpose, their access is limited to the length of time you maintain

that particular connection," he adds. On the other hand, due to

the direct, constant nature of a static Internet addresses, "the

risk of a hack or virus attack is tremendous."

Compounding the security issue is that the attack risk is

bi-directional.

That is, your static Internet address is susceptible to attack from

both incoming problems, as when someone hacks your PC’s hard drive

and erases files, or outgoing, as in case of a Trojan Horse attack

where the marauding virus renames key executable files on your PC

that in turn send requests from your PC out through your Internet

connection.

Heffner has grappled with security issues for years. The University

of Chicago graduate has been in the computer industry since 1963,

holding positions with IBM, Applied Data Research and Dun & Bradstreet

before becoming an independent systems consultant in 1972. In 1977

he founded Pennington Systems, where he created XTRAN, a proprietary

expert system for symbolic translation of computer languages. He also

was an adjunct professor of decision sciences for 13 years at the

University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Business.

As a long-time computer scientist with a passion for Internet

security,

Heffner has found several rather inexpensive yet highly effective

means of securing a broadband connection, easing the fears of attack

for even the most intrepid Internet speed junkies.

The biggest differences in setting up a broadband connection revolve

around whether you are installing a connection for a single PC (the

home user) or for a network (small businesses or the home office).

Setting up a single user connection isn’t too difficult. But, Heffner

says, setting up a network is complicated by the need to share that

one static Internet address among several PCs or other devices (such

as a printer, fax, or someday your refrigerator).

This problem is solved by the use of the Network Address Translation

(NAT) protocol. NAT allows multiple devices to share a single Internet

address. This protocol can be part of a hardware package (such as

a router that acts as a "front end" to your network,

translating

everything coming into and going out from your network) or a piece

of software installed in the PC with the Internet connection. Once

it is in place, you can fly across the Internet from anywhere on your

network. Your work is done, right? Wrong, says Heffner.

At this point, you need to secure this connection. For a single PC,

protection from intruders is mostly accomplished by turning off disk

and printer sharing (for example, in Windows98, go to the Control

Panel, click Network, then the File and Print Sharing button and

uncheck

all options). Since these services must be enabled in a network

environment,

Heffner suggests password protection, using non-obvious passwords

that aren’t in the dictionary. This hinders reverse engineering

attacks

in which the hacker uses a program designed to systematically crack

the password.

These measures cost nothing (except the NAT solution) and provide

basic protection from many computer hacks; however, more can be done.

And don’t forget, you still need to secure yourself against outgoing

attacks.

In any security solution, Heffner suggests utilizing hardware,

software,

or a combination of both to make your digital sports car safe:

Firewall hardware. Hardware for an Internet security firewall

requires a router. The same router that handles your network NAT

service

often includes a firewall service too. A firewall is a filter that

examines all Internet traffic and rejects or warns about anything

that is inappropriate. The process to set a firewall up can be

tedious,

but after that, it requires little attention.

Also, many routers now include an Internet protocol called Virtual

Private Network (VPN) that allows for secure links across the

Internet.

VPN is ideal for telecommuters as it allows them to work from home

as if they were connected to the company’s network. Routers range

in price from cheap to quite expensive, and usually the more money

you can spend, the better the router.

Firewall software. Software can provide an inexpensive

firewall. There are many software products to choose from, including

Norton’s Personal Firewall 2001 and McAfee’s Firewall. Heffner

recommends

Zone Labs’ freeware ZoneAlarm (available from www.zonelabs.com).

ZoneAlarm

does a superior job of monitoring incoming and outgoing activity along

your Internet connection. The software checks several characteristics

of each activity request and compares the results with a stored

profile

that it compiles for all of your authorized Internet activities. The

chances of a hacked file duplicating all of the profile

characteristics

are virtually impossible.

Virus software. Absolute essential software, regardless

of your Internet connection, is good virus software. Such software

(McAfee VirusScan and Norton Utilities are two leading packages) scans

files on your PC and incoming E-mail attachments and cleans any

infected

files. Virus software is not expensive and should be updated every

month or so.

In the end, with the proper security tools in place, that high-speed

cable modem or DSL line of yours will be both fast and safe. Start

your engines.

— Scott Carpenter

Top Of Page
More Broadband

Michael Ettenberg, senior vice president at Sarnoff

Corporation, will give another view of broadband media, also on

Thursday,

January 18. This presentation is part of a showcase, sponsored by

the New Jersey Technology Council, that features E-business and

multimedia.

Ettenberg will discuss "The Internet’s 4th Wave — Broadband

Multimedia" at 4 p.m. at Aplion Networks, 2147 Route 27 South,

Edison. Cost: $70. Call 856-787-9700 (or go to www.njtc.org).

Ettenberg joins four other panelists set for 10-minute presentations

on the general topic, "TV and the Internet — Coming to a

Screen

Near You," telling how digital television, datacasting, and the

Internet are bringing about the next generation of television.

Kevin Lee, vice president of sales and marketing for Interact

Multimedia Inc., will discuss "Convergence of Internet and

TV."

"Issues and Strategies for Digital Rights Management" is the

topic for Peter McKiernan, senior client representative of the

Stratis Group. Robert Petrie, senior vice president of Aptegrity,

speaks on "Internet and Media Convergence," using AE Networks

as a case study.

More than 20 companies that have developed and marketed E-business

and multimedia solutions and products will display their products

and services. The sponsors for this program include Arthur Andersen;

Woodcock Washburn Kurtz Mackiewicz & Norris; Amper, Politziner &

Mattia;

and Synnestvedt & Lechner.

Top Of Page
Lean Manufacturing

The principles of lean manufacturing may not appear

to be a sexy conversation topic, but this area is often the key to

a company’s long-term profitability and growth, says Drew Locker,

principal of Change Management Associates. Locker leads a workshop

on manufacturing principles on Wednesday, January 17, at 8:30 a.m.

at the PSE&G Training Center on Route 1 in Edison. Cost: $250. Change

Management Associates (CMA) works with the New Jersey Manufacturing

Extension Partnership, an affiliate of the federally funded National

Institute of Standards and Technology, to assist small to medium-size

businesses.

The workshop is appropriate for operations workers, supervisors, VPs,

and owners. Workshop participants get to do a live simulation in a

simulated factory, based on a continuous flow model, to show how their

decisions affect productivity. Cost: $250 including a workbook and

a light breakfast and lunch. Call CMA at 856-235-8051 or NJMEP at

800-MEP-4MFG. The same workshop will also be held Friday, February

16, at the Wyndham Mount Laurel Hotel in Mount Laurel and Friday,

March 16, at the Holiday Inn in Parsippany.

According to Locker, manufacturers today struggle to meet

ever-increasing

customer demands: shorter lead times, lower costs, and better quality.

The first part can present some of the biggest problems. Locker notes

that the biggest pitfall a business can fall into is to attempt to

use the same system the manufacturer has always used to produce

results

that it wasn’t designed for.

For instance, Locker gives the example of a producer suddenly faced

with a customer who now requires one week lead time instead of the

two weeks that the manufacturing process is designed for. Many

manufacturers

take an easy way out: they simply cheat. Instead of fundamentally

changing their own practices, they keep the same system, guess how

much product the customer will want, and make everything a week

earlier.

Although it temporarily solves the problem with a minimum of effort,

this practice often depletes the bottom line in the long run.

The cost of carrying extra inventory is often huge. There’s the cost

of warehouse space, the cost of managing, moving and tracking the

extra product, etc. Moreover, says Locker, we live in an era where

the life cycle of the average product is shorter and the

predictability

of its sales are lower than ever before. The trend of business is

towards customization, meaning that a product often has to be changed

with little or no warning. It’s harder and harder to predict what

will be ordered, meaning there is a greater chance than ever of being

stuck with unused inventory, which dilutes profits.

"It’s an inventory hot potato — no one wants to hold it,"

says Locker. "That’s why the emphasis is now on velocity; speed

through the system. Instead of holding extra inventory, we look at

the problem differently. We would actually reduce the time needed

to get a product out to less than a week."

Locker helps businesses reduce lead times by striving to standardize

and simplify all aspects of a business, such as purchasing and

scheduling,

in addition to the manufacturing process itself.

The manufacturing process can be improved in a multitude of ways,

ranging from new equipment, new procedures, and a new layout of the

production area. A simple example can be found in the storage of

manufacturing

parts. Most companies have a centralized stockroom from which parts

are shipped when an order comes in. Locker notes that a good deal

of time can be saved simply by storing the parts at the point-of-use.

Locker categorizes possible improvements like this one into a lean

manufacturing "toolbox." Tools in the toolbox include:

Workplace Organization. As shown in the example above,

this can dramatically reduce manufacturing times. It also includes

having a place for everything and everything in its place.

Total Productive Maintenance. This means buying and

maintaining

reliable equipment.

Quick changeovers/Batch Reduction. Flexibility in

switching

from one product to another is essential for meeting short lead times.

Effective Manufacturing Area Layout.

Visual Techniques/Mistake Proofing. An example would be

a sample or photo of a finished product to compare with products

coming

off the line.

Standardized Procedures.

Locker says that using these simple principles can produce

dramatic

results. A 75 percent reduction in lead times is typical for companies

that he works with.

In fact, Locker helped two major American window companies produce

such results. Windows made in this country can have over 200 different

features and options — grids, patterns and glass types —

before

size is even taken into account. With both companies, work in process

inventories have been reduced as much as 90 percent, the manufacturing

space has been cut in half, and there have been significant quality

improvements. In lead times, one company has gone from receipt to

delivery in just three to five days. Manufacturing using continuous

flow processes, which starts with cutting the glass and ends with

wrapping the product, takes just four to eight hours. In fact, most

of that three to five days is just loading and shipping.

Both companies have matched Locker’s typical result of a 75 percent

reduction in lead time, and both have grown their businesses 300 to

500 percent over the last six years, largely due to their ability

to win business from major retailers with these short lead times.

Another positive side effect of lean manufacturing processes is that

effective use of them also can solve seemingly unrelated business

problems. For instance, a common management lament is the difficulty

of obtaining good help. Locker suggests that businesses are often

asking for too much. Manufacturing processes are frequently

undocumented,

and it takes new employees a long time to figure out where everything

is located and exactly what procedures they should be following.

By following the lean manufacturing principle of standardizing,

simplifying,

and documenting procedures, a company can have a new employee step

in and be successful from the get-go. It also can mean lower labor

costs since fewer people are required to do the same job.

— Tony Faber

Top Of Page
Coping with Stress

Stress has become one of the accepted evils of modern

life, along with weight gain and traffic. You do what you can to avoid

them, but you know they will always be around. Stress is partly the

result of time-saving devices gone haywire. "Things like cell

phones, pagers, and E-mail are wonderful conveniences," says

psychologist

Ruth B. Goldston, "but they bring with them pressure and

stress to do more in a shorter period of time." At the same time,

changing role expectations and the impact of feminism have upped the

stress in many families. Paralleling these higher expectations for

achievement is a decrease in social support and community time.

Goldston, based at 330 North Harrison Street, and her colleague, Brian

G. McDonald, with an office at 20 Nassau Street, will offer a

two-hour

seminar on "Stress Management for Busy People," Tuesday,

January

23, at 7 p.m. The free workshop, sponsored by the community education

program at the Medical Center at Princeton, meets in the ground floor

conference room at 253 Witherspoon. Call 609-497-4480 to register.

Goldston and McDonald offer a process for diagnosing sources of

personal

stress, developing priorities for stress reduction, and learning

useful

stress management techniques tailored to personal priorities. The

diagnostic process includes:

Listing the sources of stress in a person’s life, being

as specific as possible. Goldston advises that it is hard to deal

effectively with very generalized statements of stress like "My

job is so stressful I can’t stand it." But you can address

"When

my boss gives me too many things to do, and I can’t get them done,

I feel very stressed." Because one source of stress is simply

the feeling of being overwhelmed, she says, it helps for people to

focus on discrete stressors.

Rank the sources of stress . Because ties are not permitted

in the ranking, explains Goldston, this process "gets people

speaking

more specifically and makes each stressor more discrete. It helps

a lot when a person can identify things more specifically."

List the top three stressors . This focuses people on the

most significant stresses in their lives. "Now we have narrowed

the field," says Goldston, "and are working on the three

things

that probably need the most attention."

This definition process leads people to see patterns in personal

stressors. "At first it is hard to see patterns, but once you

starting putting things down, you may notice them," says Goldston.

Often, identifying patterns may highlight certain self-defeating

aspects

of personal style, for example, difficulties dealing with other

people,

not being assertive enough, thinking negatively about oneself, or

holding oneself to too high a standard. "People start to see an

emerging picture as they work through these exercises," continues

Goldston.

Goldston maintains that the stress management techniques that she

and McDonald present are quick and to the point. "We have zeroed

in on what really seems to work for people." Among their

techniques:

1. Relaxation strategies. "Busy people do not have

time to spend hours relaxing themselves, but there are ways of

relaxing

more rapidly," Goldston says. One simple technique is called

"square

breathing" — breathe in for four counts, hold for four, exhale

for four, and rest for four. The advantages of this strategy are that

it gets people to attend to and slow down their breathing, and it

is simple to learn and do.

2. Self-care. Self-care is simply taking care of oneself

— sleeping enough, eating well, exercising, and taking time for

oneself. Effective self-care may mean realizing, for example, that

sleeping is important. "Too often we think sleeping is the thing

we can cut back on or compromise about," Goldston says. Making

changes to improve self-care may involve different kind of

goal-setting,

but sometimes it may mean just doing the right thing, but in smaller

chunks. For example, if a person takes 10 minutes of personal time,

that is better than nothing at all.

3. Assertiveness. "A big source of stress on the job

and at home is that people have difficulty speaking up for themselves

in appropriate ways," says Goldston. The two extreme versions

of people with assertiveness issues are the person who swallows down

everything and says nothing and the person who flies off the handle

and explodes. Sometimes the same person exhibits both behaviors. One

management technique for this form of stress is the "24-hour

rule."

A person is advised to wait 24 hours before confronting someone or

raising a difficult issue. This rule helps the explosive person by

providing time to calm down and think through a problem. But, because

the rule also mandates not waiting more than 24 hours, it also helps

the person who avoids speaking up at all costs.

4. Identifying and restructuring maladaptive thought

patterns.

"What trips up people the most is absolute black and white

thinking,"

Goldston says. For example, people with perfectionist tendencies are

always grading themselves and scoring either 0 or 100, and they need

to learn how to use the rest of scale — all of the numbers in

between. People must learn to risk looking at more complicated, less

well-defined answers.

5. Using a support system more effectively. Stressed

people

need to figure out who is part of their support system and then come

up with strategies to expand that system and to use it more

effectively.

Often people are reluctant to ask for help, and they may need to

examine

the sources of their unwillingness and decide what would help them

to tap into potential sources of support more easily. Research shows

that people who have social support and use it effectively fare better

with illness and other major life stresses.

Goldston graduated from Harvard University in 1973, received

an M.A. in counseling from Hunter College, and earned a Ph.D. in

clinical

and development psychology from Rutgers University. She worked for

seven years as a counselor at Brookdale Community College, where she

also offered assertiveness training classes. At Rutgers the focus

of her graduate work was on the emotions, and after graduation, she

worked at the Carrier Clinic as a post-doctoral fellow and set up

a private practice.

Talking about the genesis of the stress management seminar, Goldston

says, "the challenge of working with people quickly and

effectively

is something every clinician is facing. And a lot of what therapists

are doing is to help people cope with the stress in their lives."

Goldston and McDonald expect people to leave the seminar with a

personal

plan about how to address stress in their own lives.

A potential outcome of the process of developing a stress-management

plan, says Goldston, "could be that people re-evaluate their

priorities

and modify their expectations of what it means to be happy, and

productive,

and successful." But in the meantime, given the demands of modern

life, people must find ways to reduce stress. Even little changes

can make a difference.

— Michele Alperin

Top Of Page
OSHA Courses

Explore a new career in environmental safety and

industrial

hygiene with courses by Emilcott Associates given in Chatham. Along

the way you might learn useful information about regulations from

the EPA or OSHA. For instance, do you need to know the special health

and safety challenges that working in laboratories presents? A

four-hour

course in Laboratory Safety and Health costs $95 and is scheduled

for Wednesday, January 24, at 8 a.m. The course covers the principles

of laboratory and chemical safety, such as physical and biological

hazards; chemical hygiene plans; controlling hazards, and emergency

preparedness. You will get a lab safety check list.

Presented later that day, starting at 1 p.m., is a course on

laboratory

fire and life safety issues.

Other half-day courses are on Warehouse and Material Handling Safety

Management (Wednesday, February 7, at 8 a.m.), Forklift Safety

(Wednesday,

February 7, at 1 p.m.), Fall Protection and Scaffold Safety

(Wednesday,

March 14, at 8 a.m.), and Excavation and Trenching Safety (Wednesday,

March 4, at 1 p.m.).

An all-day course in understanding the chemistry of hazardous

materials

is Monday, February 5, at 8 a.m., and costs $200. Crew leaders and

engineers can take eight-hour Hazardous Waste Operations site

supervisor

training on Friday, February 23, also for $200. Call 800-886-3645.

Top Of Page
AMA Course

Certificates offered by the American Management

Association

are available as noncredit certificate programs at Mercer County

College.

One of two core courses for a certificate in human resources starts

Tuesday, January 30, 6:30 to 9:30 p.m. Called Fundamentals of Human

Resources, it meets for five weeks and costs $225, including

textbooks.

The other core course, on safe hiring and firing practices, starts

Tuesday, March 13. Three electives are also required.

"How to Develop the Strategic Plan" is the first core course

for an AMA certificate in strategic leadership and starts Thursday,

February 1, at 6:30 p.m.

The AMA is the world’s leading membership-based management development

organization. Call 609-586-9446.

Top Of Page
Road Alerts

Winter weather may make you curious about the condition

of roads you are planning to take to or from work. The Greater Mercer

TMA offers free E-mail alerts for any of two-dozen roads from Route

1 south or north to Route 202. Go to www.gmtma.org or call

609-452-8988.

For current traffic conditions on the New Jersey Turnpike, call

800-33-NJTPK

or 800-336-5875. For the Garden State Parkway, 732-PARKWAY or

www.gspkwy.state.nj.us.

In other "traffic news," still cameras offer minute-by-minute

visual traffic reports on the Web

(www.state.nj.us/transportation/traffic/cameras/rt1).

On Route 1 in this area alone, the cameras are focused on a half-dozen

intersections: Bakers Basin Road, I-295, Quakerbridge and Alexander

Roads, Scudders Mill Road, and Independence Way.

Top Of Page
Corporate Angels

The Henry Luce Foundation gave $2 million to the Institute

for Advanced Studies for a professorship in East Asian Studies.

Currently

five scholars in residence are focusing on East Asia as part of the

School of Historical Studies. Established in 1936 by the late

cofounder

of Time Incorporated, who was born in China, the foundation aims to

encourage American-Asian understanding.

Saint Peter’s University Hospital in New Brunswick will

host the CEO breakfast for March of Dimes Middlesex Walk America on

Thursday, January 18, at 8 a.m. "We know how important good

prenatal

and medical care are to healthy outcomes and fully support the mission

of the March of Dimes," says John Matuska, president and CEO of

the hospital. John Sullivan, regional director of Canon USA Inc.,

will speak at the 100-person breakfast. Walk America for Middlesex

is set for Sunday, April 29, in Piscataway.

Paul H. Chew , vice president of Bristol-Myers Squibb

presented a $10,000 check to Lawrenceville Main Street’s Century

Campaign,

a capital campaign for physical improvements to the Village of

Lawrenceville.

The money will be used to plant street trees in the historic district,

says Tommie Culligan, president of the organization.

Top Of Page
Nominate Please

Entries for this year’s Astra Awards, sponsored by New

Jersey CAMA, are due Wednesday, January 17, at 4:30 p.m., but for

an additional fee, late entries may be submitted by Wednesday, January

24. Call Charlie Waterfall of Princeton Insurance Companies

at 609-452-9404 or Miriam Stoolman of Princeton Communications

Group at 609-924-7966. To the regular fee of $50 per entry ($75 for

non-members) a late fee of $10 is added. Among the 65 categories are

some called "Dashed Dreams," great ideas that never made it

past the concept stage.

February 14 is the deadline for the Society of Professional

Journalists awards, which offer eight categories including

newsletters

and online. Each entry costs $15. Call George Dawson at

732-249-2670.

Deadline for nominees for the annual Princeton YWCA TWIN awards

is Wednesday, February 28. Honorees will be feted at a dinner on

Thursday,

May 10, at the Marriott, says Cindy Shapiro , the co-chair. Also

on the committee are Michele Long, co-chair, Elaine Britt,

Pamela Carter-Rowe, Pat Peach, Debra Lemeshow, and Georgia

Frasier.

The award honors women who represent the YW mission: attaining and

believing in the vision of eliminating racism, empowering women,

encouraging

diversity and supporting families. Nominees should meet high standards

of professional responsibility, demonstrated leadership, academic

achievement, mentoring of others, special accomplishments, and

community

service. For a nomination form call Long at 609-951-8700, extension

3041, or Lemeshow at 973-430-7475.

Nominations are due by February 14 for the Russ Berrie

Foundation

"unsung heroes" awards. These prizes recognize New Jersey

citizens who have made what is termed "uncommon contributions

to the common good." Russ Berrie , the soft toy mogul with

a distribution center on Route 130, has provided $150,000 to be

divided

into three major prizes and 16 runner-up awards. For example, Richard

and Maureen Kanka won one of the three top awards in 1997 for

establishing

the foundation to raise public awareness about the dangers of sex

crimes and to provide needed counseling and assistance. Others have

won for rescuing large numbers of people during Hurricane Floyd,

founding

an after school outreach program, adopting 13 children with serious

medical conditions, founding an organization that helps the homeless,

and rescuing children from a burning building. For an application

contact the office of the president at Ramapo College of New Jersey,

201-684-7607 or fax 201-684-7960.


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