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This article by Richard K. Rein was prepared for the May 7, 2003 edition of U.S. 1 Newspaper. All rights reserved.

On Health & Exercise

What is the truth about exercise and health? If you

exercise for 30 minutes a day five or six times a week will you stave

off that heart attack or stroke? Do you need to break a sweat every

time you exercise to lose a little weight? What about that heart rate

— if you take your age and subtract it from 220 and then take

80 percent of that value, is that the maximum that you should allow

your heart to pump when you exercise? And will it kill you to go over


I don’t know about you, but I keep getting drawn into these little

discussions. The last time was Saturday afternoon on Nassau Street.

I was coming in from a 30-minute walk and bumped into a college


We two survivors of the 1960s traded war stories about business


and parenting for a few minutes, but soon the talk turned to health.

I had the angioplasty to report, along with the subsequent angiogram

to see if the recurring pains in the left arm had anything to do with

the coronary arteries (apparently not).

What about my classmate from 1969? "Just found out that I have

all the silent symptoms," he replied. "High blood pressure,

high cholesterol, and diabetes." From health we turned to exercise

and I considered recommending the new book by Gina Kolata, the science

reporter for the New York Times and Princeton resident: "Ultimate

Fitness: The Quest for Truth about Exercise and Health."

I considered it, but then rejected the idea. Instead I gave my college

classmate the only absolute exercise truth I know: The truth about

exercise bikes, passed along to me by my contractor friend, Hank


Holding Kolata’s book in hand (and considering that the author is

in the midst of a nationwide book tour that will bring her to the

Barnes & Noble at MarketFair on Wednesday, May 14), you would think

that I could come up with something better for my college classmate

than the wisdom passed along by a building contractor. But, as


title states, this is about the "quest" for truth, not


the truth itself.

Kolata digs into the backgrounds of "researchers" who advocate

a new and improved and incredibly easy exercise routine and discovers

a man with a chance for financial gain and a research study that


just a dozen people.

Even serious and highly regarded researchers admit that their findings

could be flawed. A highly publicized study published in 1989 in the

Journal of the American Medical Association followed the health of

more than 13,000 people over an eight-year period. The researcher

concedes that the study could have been better if there were a control

group — people who did not exercise at all. But to Kolata,


this is "most surprising" — that "the health benefits

of exercise emerge from the most modest of efforts, that there is

no need to run a marathon if you want to improve your health. Walking

would suffice."

As a nearly 56-year-old man with two gimpy knees, that’s music to

my ears. But then I read a story that made the daily papers just a

month ago, too late for Kolata’s book. This story, based on a study

published in a British medical journal called Heart, suggested that

a daily half-hour brisk walk would not help ward off that heart

attack. Only vigorous exercise would help, according to the


study of 2,000 men.

But having read the Kolata book, I was careful to read the fine print

of the British study. The 2,000 subjects included men whose exercise

included bowling, sailing, golfing, and dancing, as well as brisk

walking. Separate out those brisk walkers, I thought, and then narrow

in on the ones who hit 80 percent of that maximum heart rate, and

see where the numbers come in.

What about that maximum heart rate? According to the formula mine

would be 220 minus 56, or 164 and 80 percent of that would be 131.

But for a good portion of my five mile per hour walk my heart rate

is closer to 140, and when I hit "Heartbreak Hill" (Linden

Lane from Hamilton up to Nassau) it goes into the 150s.

Kolata — herself an extreme exerciser (see her picture on page

49 and judge for yourself if this is worth it) — uncovered the

origin of the heart rate formula. One of the men who devised it in

1970, exercise physiologist William Haskell, is amused at how his

formula, devised as a simple way to help people measure the relative

intensity of exercise, has become a mantra. "It’s typical of


to take an idea and extend it way beyond what it was intended


So out on Nassau Street, I keep it simple for my college classmate,

and anyone else who asks my exercise advice. Instead I tell the story

of Hank Sufnar loaning me his exercise bicycle that had been gathering

cobwebs. "It’s boring," he tells me. "Whatever you do,

put it somewhere in front of a TV." To that truth, I would add

one corollary: Make sure you have a remote and make sure you have

the maximum number of cable channels you can afford. Thirty minutes

on a stationary bike is the mental equivalent of an hour walking



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