Corrections or additions?

This story by Elaine Strauss was published in U.S. 1 Newspaper on

November 4, 1998. All rights reserved.

Markov, Venturesome Violinist

When I was very little," says violinist Alexander

Markov, referring to a time in the late 1970s, "I used to walk

across Central Park in the dark with a friend. We were curious because

everybody used to tell us how dangerous it was." Markov brings

the same sort of derring-do to his musical career. He likes to program

all 24 of Paganini’s daunting "Caprices" in a single

performance,

and he is currently working up a repertoire for a violin with six

strings, instead of the usual four, that will bridge the gap between

classical music and rock.

The venturesome violinist makes his solo debut with the New Jersey

Symphony Orchestra in the Sibelius Violin Concerto in D minor. Zdenek

Macal conducts a trio of performances of the concert that includes

the New Jersey premiere of Steve Reich’s "Three Movements for

Orchestra" and Richard Strauss’ "Also Sprach Zarathustra."

Performances take place Thursday, November 5, at 8 p.m. in New

Brunswick’s

State Theater, followed by two concerts in Prudential Hall at the

New Jersey Performing Arts Center, Newark.

"Musically, the Sibelius is one of the top violin concertos, along

with the Tchaikovsky, the Mendelssohn, and the Beethoven," says

Markov, by phone from his home in Connecticut. "It’s very

dramatic.

It’s technical and brilliant, but it has strong musical content and

is very powerful. It’s a contrast with the Paganini `Caprices,’ which

are all virtuoso."

"It will be especially pleasant to play with Macal," Markov

adds. "We have a long friendship. We used to play together in

Italy after I won the gold medal in the Paganini Competition in

1982."

The two previously collaborated in a performance of the Sibelius with

the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra.

As part of his Paganini Competition prize, Markov had the opportunity

to use Paganini’s violin, the Guarneri del Gesu "Canon," in

concert and for the rehearsals leading up to it. "It was almost

a mystical experience," Markov says. "Imagine holding

Paganini’s

own violin! My grandfather came to Italy and got to hold it."

An engineer, Markov’s grandfather was doubly thrilled because his

daughter, Markov’s mother, is also a violinist.

Markov, 35, was born to two violinist parents in Moscow. The family

came to the United States in 1976, when he was 12. "It was an

easy change," Markov says. "In Russia schools are very strict

and hard to handle. They’re like military institutions. We had to

wear uniforms. They were a horrible gray color, and you felt like

a mouse. When we arrived in New York I didn’t know English, but

America

was very good to me and my family."

Markov attended New York’s Professional Children’s School and studied

at Juilliard with Ivan Galamian, who trained a generation of concert

violinists. He made his Carnegie Hall debut at age 16, playing a

Mozart

concerto and music by the violin virtuoso Pablo Sarasate. Markov

describes

his repertoire today as "from Bach to Berg. I basically play all

the violin concertos."

Shortly after arriving in New York Markov’s mother found a job with

the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra, by chance. "Ironically,"

says Markov, contemplating his performances with Macal, "my mother

played in the New Jersey Symphony Orchestra when we first came to

America." She now plays with New York’s Mostly Mozart Orchestra,

and the City Opera Orchestra. Markov’s father, Albert Markov, teaches

at New York’s Manhattan School of Music and performs as a solo

violinist.

"We perform together," Alexander says, adding, "We make

a good team." He singles out a Vivaldi concerto for three violins

that gives the family a chance to appear on stage together. Father

Albert, in addition to violin, also plays viola. His arrangement of

Prokofiev’s "Peter and the Wolf" for two violins and viola

is another way to keep the family busy. Add a cellist to the Markov

family, and you’ve got a string quartet.

Markov began his violin studies with his father in Moscow. By the

time he was eight, he was already appearing as an orchestral soloist,

and performing double concertos with his father. "My father was

an important influence on my musical growth, because he is a great

performer himself," says Markov. "When you have a teacher

who is also performer, it’s a valuable experience. It provides both

sides of the coin. If the teacher is not a performer, he can only

teach so much." On the other side of the coin, a successful

performer

is not necessarily an outstanding teacher.

Following his own star, Markov has emerged as an

impressive

performer. On the Erato CD featuring three of Henri Vieuxtemps’ violin

concertos, he displays an awesomely supple technique that bubbles

up from a substantial, meaty sound — fireworks with anchors. In

part, he attributes that sound to his studies with his father who

once represented the Russian school of violin playing, "and now

the American style," says Markov. Albert Markov’s book on violin

technique, published by G. Schirmer, goes by the no-nonsense title

"Violin Technique." "It’s nicknamed `the green book,’"

says his son.

"My father was a big influence on my violin playing," Markov

says, explaining his singularly robust approach to flamboyance.

"Plus

my personal intuition of sound. You should have an idea of what you

want to do, and hear in your head the sound you want to create. When

you practice, you should try to achieve that ideal sound. You don’t

just practice. Practicing doesn’t always make things better. It’s

the idea in your head that makes for progress. I’ve seen students

practice for seven hours a day without it helping a lot. I used to

practice a lot as kid. Now my practice schedule ranges from two hours

to 10 minutes, to seven hours. I practice to maintain myself in shape,

and I’m always searching for new musical ideas. Otherwise my playing

would degenerate.

"I concentrate on what I want to say musically," Markov says.

"Many performers think about what the critics will write. But

a musician should think about what he wants to say. If the

critics like it, okay, but the performer should focus on his

conceptual

ideas, on what he wants to do. And the audience will accept it. I

just try to be myself, and play from the heart. I depend on my musical

intuition rather than calculating effects. I don’t like compromising

in music. I take the bull by the horns and do what I think is

musically

right. The rest is how my luck turns out."

Markov lives now in rural Connecticut, outside of Stamford. He enjoys

being in the country, yet close to New York. "I’m almost a normal

person," he says. "I like to do what my friends do —

swimming,

walking. I like movies, comedies especially. Life is too serious,

already."

For the serious parts of life, Markov still falls back on Paganini.

He played the 24 Caprices in concert in Turkey in October.

"They’re

a major marathon," he says. "They drain so much energy. The

goal is not only to play them technically right, but to bring across

the music. It’s challenging and it’s not done very often. It’s

extremely

difficult, but I enjoy the challenge. I live by that."

Markov moves beyond Paganini into contemporary music as he pursues

another project that features an electronic six-stringed violin. The

instrument has two strings below the normally lowest violin string,

so that it reaches down into the region normally reserved for the

cello. It was designed for him by James Remington and has a unique

sound. Markov and Remington hold a patent on the instrument, and have

written music for it. "The music we wrote for the new instrument

will be arranged for ensembles, and also orchestra, with the

six-stringed

violin as the lead instrument," says Markov. "The music is a

combination

of classics and rock. Eventually, there will be recordings.

"We’re searching for new musical ideas," says Markov. "I

know so many musicians who play the same thing for 20, 40, or 60

years.

We’re now approaching the 21st century, and we want to do something

different."

— Elaine Strauss

Alexander Markov, New Jersey Symphony Orchestra,

State Theater, New Brunswick, 800-ALLEGRO. $14 to $54. Thursday,

November 5, 8 p.m.


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