It’s a new year and a time for new beginnings. But as 2018 drew to a close the editors of U.S. 1 looked back at the noteworthy people who died during the preceding year. From governors to business owner, artists to academics, the profiles that follow were of people well known in the greater Princeton area but also regionally, nationally, and internationally.

The Political Players

William Schluter
August 6, age 90

William Schluter

In a state whose politicians are for the most part not renowned for ethical conduct, William Schluter was a crusader against corruption, and remarkably, he actually made some progress.

From his first foray into politics in 1963 as a Pennington councilman, through his service in both houses of the New Jersey legislature and in his retirement, Schluter was an advocate for good government. Even in his final years, as he fought the pancreatic cancer that would eventually take his life, Schluter was pushing to fight corrupt practices.

In his 2017 book, “Soft Corruption,” (U.S. 1, June 2, 2017,) Schluter criticized various mostly legal yet entirely unethical forms of influence peddling. For example, elected officials sometimes also hold other government jobs that are appointed by other politicians. Political parties get around campaign contribution limits by shifting money between county party organizations in a practice called “wheeling.” Every year, in an event called the “Walk to Washington,” businesspeople and lawmakers take a commuter train to the capital together and schmooze the entire way. Wealthy donors make campaign contributions in hopes of influencing lawmakers. Schluter called for reforms to put a stop to all of this.

In his book, Schluter made the case that what some view as ordinary political activity is in fact, a form of corruption:

“Meanwhile, the volume of direct campaign contributions has also escalated,” Schluter wrote. “And these, when made in the context of the unspoken quid pro quo, are the more sinister examples of soft corruption. Laws requiring disclosure of the identities of the donors and recipients of campaign contributions have made it easy to see correlations between the interests providing the money and specific government actions. Examples of donors and the rewards they receive include law firms appointed as counsel to government bodies with high-value retainers, businesses that receive narrowly targeted tax breaks through legislation, labor unions that obtain sweetheart contracts, and developers who receive unwarranted permit approvals. Such arrangements lead cynics to say that the offer of a campaign contribution is a legal bribe, and the solicitation of a contribution is legal extortion. Pretty harsh words, but they all add up to soft corruption.

“Countless thousands of public officials — unquestionably a substantial majority — are honorable and do not participate in soft corruption. Likewise, many direct campaign contributions are given to support a candidate or political party whose public policy objectives already match those of the donor and are not meant to influence a specific government outcome. The distinction must be made. Not all contributions are suspect. But contributions that do not pass the smell test — that lead to direct benefits to the donors through government actions that otherwise would not have been taken — are soft corruption at its worst.

“Among the many consequences of soft corruption, three are particularly troubling for states like New Jersey: higher-cost government, bad governmental decisions, and an apathetic public.”

Schluter’s book was based on extensive notes he took on corruption during his legislative career. The book freely criticized both parties.

He criticized Chris Christie for holding a special election to fill the seat of Senator Frank Lautenberg two months ahead of the general election, a move that gave the Republicans a leg up in the general election but cost taxpayers $12 million. He also accused Phil Murphy of effectively buying the Democratic nomination by being a major donor to the party.

Schluter was born in New York, educated at Philips Exeter Academy, and graduated from Princeton University in 1950. He was an advocate for ethics during his two stints in the state legislature, first as an assemblyman from 1968 through 1974 and later as a state senator from 1987 through 2002. In 1972 Schluter wrote New Jersey’s campaign finance disclosure law, which requires that political campaigns reveal who their donors are.

Ironically, it was a corruption scandal, though not his own, that led to Schluter being ousted from the Assembly. In 1974 outrage over Watergate fueled a Democratic wave that swept the Republican party out of power in New Jersey and took Schluter along with it. In 1976 Schluter ran for a U.S. House of Representatives seat but lost narrowly to his Democrat opponent. He later ran again but lost the Republican primary.

Schluter’s son Philip Schluter, an insurance executive, said his father was hit hard by his electoral defeats. “I didn’t really get that involved in politics just because I remember how painful it was for him,” Philip said. “At the end of his life, he said he was glad he didn’t win because he realized he had so much here in Pennington to take care of, which he wouldn’t have been able to do if he had gone to Washington. But he was a competitive person. He believed he could have made a lot of positive changes, and he was pretty devastated.”

Schluter did eventually return to the legislature and served until 2002, when his fellow Republicans re-districted him out of an office by including heavily Democratic Trenton into his district. He then ran as an independent, but lost. Schluter told U.S. 1 he believed his party threw him under the bus due to his anticorruption stance. “They didn’t want me around anymore because it was an embarrassment that I was raising these issues too often. They got me a district I couldn’t win,” he said.

Schluter also witnessed a corruption scandal in his own family before going into politics. William Schluter’s father was Frederic E. Schluter, who was president and majority stock owner of the Thermoid rubber factory in Trenton. The elder Schluter was known in the Trenton area as an employer and philanthropist. But in 1956, (William Schluter was 29) federal prosecutors investigated shady financial dealings at Thermoid that implicated Frederic Schluter and other company officers. Frederic Schluter was convicted of tax evasion. Frederic Schluter never went to jail but was forced out at Thermoid and had to sell all his company stock and was fined $40,000. He was later pardoned by President John F. Kennedy. Philip Schluter declined to comment on this chapter in the family history.

While William Schluter was most vocal during his career on the subject of corruption, he was a driving force behind a wide variety of bills. After his death, the Sierra Club of New Jersey commended Schluter for siding with them on “protecting open space, promoting smart growth, and protecting air quality and clean water.”

He was an opponent of the Somerset Freeway, the project that would have extended I-95 through Hopewell and to Somerset County where it would join with the Turnpike, creating a continuous route to New York City. Thanks to the opposition of Schluter and others, the project was cancelled, leaving a gap in the highway that persists to this day.

Schluter also helped write and was the political force behind the New Jersey Register of Historic Places Act in 1970.

While he was mostly moderate, Schluter tilted conservative on some issues. In 1964, he served as a convention delegate for Barry Goldwater, the politician who is often credited with jump-starting the rightward shift of the Republican party. Later on, he voted against some environmental bills and in favor of stalling the introduction of sex education in New Jersey schools.

Philip Schluter said his father contributed to his community outside of state politics. He was involved in Pennington’s government in various capacities, and coached Princeton Peewee Hockey for 22 years.

Philip remembers his father as being just as principled and uncompromising in private as he was in public. “I think that’s what cost him Washington as much as anything else,” Philip said. “He just wouldn’t bend.”

Philip said his father also had a charitable side. During Christmas, he would take a box full of food to a needy family. “He was a hard worker,” Philip said. “His political career was just one part of his life. He was a principled individual who wanted to make New Jersey a better place, and ultimately, the nation a better place, and at the same time a very loyal family man who led a really robust life.”

Brendan Byrne
January 4, age 93

Brendan Byrne

Brendan Byrne, governor of New Jersey from 1973 to 1981, passed the state’s first income tax, authorized casino gambling in Atlantic City, and helped bring professional sports teams to the Meadowlands.

A Democrat who often clashed with his fellow party members, Byrne got the income tax passed to help finance schools and ease property-tax burdens; restricted building in the Pine Barrens, got public financing for gubernatorial elections, and approved voter registration by mail. His administration was also remarkably free of scandal.

Byrne was a graduate of Princeton University and earned a law degree at Harvard. He worked as an attorney in private practice before becoming assistant counsel to governor Robert B. Meyner in 1955. After serving in more political posts, he became a superior court judge in 1970, resigning in 1973 to run for governor.

After leaving office in 1982, he taught courses at Princeton.

Clifford Goldman
September 16, 2018, age 75

Clifford A. Goldman was the New Jersey state treasurer from 1976 to 1982 and a principal architect of the Byrne administration’s school finance reform package that led to adoption of the state’s first income tax in 1976.

A widely respected expert in public finance, Goldman also served in the administrations of Governors Hughes and Cahill and assisted in the transition planning for several later administrations. In 1982 he established a financial consulting firm, Goldman, Beale Associates, that advised dozens of state agencies and New Jersey municipalities on fiscal and financing matters.

A graduate of Rutgers, he held masters and Ph.D. degrees from Princeton’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, where he was later a visiting professor in public finance.

Lee Eric Newton
May 29, age 54

Lee Eric Newton

Lee Eric Newton died on May 29 at age 54, but that moment could have come much earlier. In August of 2014, Newton and his doctors thought he had about six months to live: bladder cancer had spread to his brain, and doctors had run out of drugs with which to treat it. The only hope were experimental treatments, but Newton had no health insurance. Fortunately for Newton the Cancer Institute of New Jersey put him in touch with a clinical trial at Mount Sinai, which enrolled him in a trial for the immunotherapy drug atezolizumab. (U.S. 1, June 8, 2016.)

The drug caused the cancer to go into remission, extending his life beyond what he could have expected with conventional treatment. The drug has since been approved by the FDA. Newton spent the extra time he was granted stumping for Donald Trump. During the 2016 campaign, he often sat outside his Alexander Road home surrounded by a field of Trump signs, which he would often have to replace because they kept disappearing.

He also took to standing with his Trump signs at the intersection of Nassau and Witherspoon streets, where his pro-Trump message was less than well received by Princeton University students. In 2017 Newton’s “Make America Great Again” message pushed one Princeton graduate student under the edge: he broke into Newton’s car, crumpled up his Trump sign, threw it in the trash, and ran away. Newton pursued, and police arrested the vandal. Newton apparently agreed with the Trump stance against Obamacare and used a Go Fund Me account to attempt to raise money in his fight against cancer.

Newton was born in Princeton to Len Newton, an outspoken Civil Rights advocate who worked to desegregate Princeton housing in the 1960 alongside Jim Floyd (also featured in this section.) His mother was Ruby Marr Newton, a former speech therapist. Newton graduated from Boston University and earned a master’s degree in linguistics at Beijing University. He worked as an international business consultant.

The Businessmen

Alan Landis
April 14, age 75

Alan Landis, right, with son Scott.

Alan Landis was a real estate developer who left an unmistakable mark on the landscape of the Route 1 corridor. He built Carnegie Center, Princeton MarketFair, and Nassau Park in Princeton and Tower Center in East Brunswick.

His most ambitious project, Carnegie Center, was a significant departure from the typical suburban corporate campus that was being built in the 1980s. Rather than just a collection of office buildings, the 560-acre Carnegie Center was full of amenities for the people who worked at its buildings. The development included amphitheaters, concert venues, jogging paths, fitness centers, childcare facilities, restaurants, man-made ponds, sculptures, sports facilities, and internal loop roads to keep traffic off of Route 1.

Landis grew up in Central New Jersey in the New Brunswick /Highland Park area. He was one of the six children of Morris Landis, an accountant, and Raye Landis, an art dealer. He attended the Hun School and earned a bachelor’s in accounting from New York University. At age 24 he left his accounting practice and built his first real estate project, Loehmann Plaza on Route 18 in East Brunswick.

Part of Alan Landis’ genius at Carnegie Center was recognizing that the suburban office center could benefit from some urban touches. As he told reporters back in the early 1980s, as the center was taking shape: “It’s an urban design in a suburban setting.”

Landis hired notable architect Hugh Stubbins of Boston to design some of the buildings. Stubbins, whose credits included the CitiGroup Center in Manhattan, the Reagan Presidential Library in California, and Yokohama’s Landmark Tower, the tallest building in Japan, in turn commissioned William H. Whyte to join the team. Whyte, the author and self-taught urban anthropologist, helped design the open spaces and pathways between the buildings.

Alan Landis’ next big project, which was MarketFair on the other side of Route 1 from Carnegie Center, complemented Carnegie’s office space with a retail establishments. Together with various business partners, Landis built out MarketFair while continuing to develop Carnegie Center.

In 1988, after MarketFair was complete, Landis bought the land for Nassau Park, which would be home to numerous “big box” stores anchored by Wal-Mart and Home Depot. In 1997 he built Hyatt Place, a lower cost complement to the full scale Hyatt Regency at Carnegie Center. Two years later he followed up by building the Marriott Residence Inn beside MarketFair

James Hamilton
February 2, age 86

James H.P. Hamilton was a restaurateur and visionary, who designed showrooms for Oleg Cassini, windows for Tiffany & Co., displays and lighting for Steuben Glass, the launch of the Ford Mustang at the 1964 World’s Fair, and the stage and film sets for Give ‘Em Hell Harry. From his Lambertville studio, Design Associates, housed in a former roller skating rink, he produced scenery for many Broadway shows, including the original productions of Hair, Jesus Christ Superstar, Equus, and Dancin’. The studio also built sets for David Bowie, Tina Turner, The Rolling Stones, and for Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus.

In 1979, he designed a master plan for Lambertville’s moribund commercial district, and then set out to execute it. His vision was to retain the city’s small river- town ambiance while encouraging local businesses and restaurants. Once a week, Hamilton and the city’s building official offered a free one-stop service to local property owners, who received design services for their buildings and the necessary permits to proceed with them. In Lambertville, Hamilton designed the Swan Hotel Bar, the Boat House, and his own restaurant, Hamilton’s Grill Room, which he opened with his daughter, Melissa, in 1988. The Grill Room was one of the first restaurants in the region to offer local meat, fish, and produce, and it remains a landmark. With his neighbors, Hamilton created Shad Fest, an annual event celebrating the federal Clean Water Act and the subsequent return of the shad to the Delaware River off Lambertville.

Ronald Berman
August 31, age 86

Ron Berman, third from left, celebrated the arrival of the Trenton Devils minor league hockey team with Devils executives and Mercer County Executive Brian Hughes, holding the jersey.

Real estate developer Ron Berman made his mark on his native city of Trenton when he built several downtown office buildings, the 15-acre Roebling Market on the former Roebling Steel complex, and the $60 million Sovereign Bank Arena (now the CURE Insurance Arena), which was completed in 1999. Both projects were intended to revitalize the city.

He also acquired the Trenton Titans, the capital’s first minor league hockey team, in 1999. He later sold the eam to the New Jersey Devils.

Before embarking on these projects, Berman headed DKM Properties, a firm that cut a huge swath through the New Brunswick and Trenton corridor in the 1980s. He also recently owned the historic 1 West State Street building in downtown Trenton.

Berman was a graduate of Rutgers, where he earned a bachelor’s and a law degree. He was a founding partner of the Warren Goldberg and Berman law firm and was assistant commissioner of public transportation for the state of New Jersey and urban renewal attorney for the city of Trenton. He lived in Princeton.

Lawrence Rothwell
May 5, age 92

Pennington Quality Market founder Larry Rothwell, left, with children Mike Rothwell and Barbara Rothwell Henderson.

Lawrence A. “Larry” Rothwell was a Pennington businessman and owner of Pennington Quality Market. He purchased the market in 1981 and ran it for 37 years. In an age of corporate mega stores, Rothwell ran his shop as an independent business.

Born in Philadelphia, the youngest of six brothers, Rothwell spent his entire professional career in the food trades, starting as a salesman for the William Montgomery Company in Philadelphia, which was acquired by Thriftway Foods King of Prussia, where he became vice president. Thriftway was later acquired by the Fleming Company, where he also served as vice president before leaving to buy the Pennington Quality Market.

Rothwell was benefactor for a long list of Hopewell Valley organizations. On the day he died, PQM (as it is known locally) was hosting a fund raising event for the Hopewell Valley Education Foundation. This was one of many fundraisers the market held each year for different causes.

The Artists

NJ Devico
July 11, age 61

NJ Devico

Norma Jean DeVico, an artist known for her dry wit, wrote her own obituary:

“Norma Jean DeVico born August 24, 1956, an artist and writer of Titusville, died at University of Pennsylvania Hospital on July 11, 2018, laughing to the end. She leaves behind many people she loved. You know who you are. DeVico was pissed because she was finally getting it together artistically; however, she’s glad she’ll never have to wash the kitchen floor again. No funeral service, just a party, date to be determined. Oh, and she’d like you to keep in mind that if you wake up in the morning, it’s a good day. Goodbye, Norma Jean.”

DeVico had battled cancer ever since she was diagnosed in 2005.

Margaret Chavooshian
September 5, age 93

Artist Marge Chavooshian in her typical en plein air fashion, surrounded by her grandchildren in Florence, Italy.

Marge Chavooshian was a nationally known watercolor artist. A former Trenton Public Schools art teacher and Mercer County Community College art instructor, she exhibited at the New Jersey State Museum and the Trenton City Museum, appeared in American Artist Magazine, received a fellowship from the New Jersey State Council on the Arts, and is public and private collections in the U.S. Canada, and Europe.

She was also the recipient of 163 awards, including the Medal of Honor and Digby Chandler from the Painters & Sculptors of New Jersey.

A Trenton resident for more than 50 years, she was born in New York City and worked as a commercial and design artist before turning her interest to painting, especially street scenes and the facades of buildings.

She studied at the Arts Student League with influential American artist Reginald Marsh, known for lively depictions of New York City street life and for sketching and working on the street.

Chavooshian also preferred painting outdoors and produced hundreds of en plein air works in New Jersey and around the world, prompting a New York Times reviewer to call her a “rare artist who takes the audience on a grand summer trip.”

She continued traveling internationally and painting solo on streets until her mid-80s, before moving to live with her daughter.

In 2012 the Garden State Watercolor Society awarded her its first Emeritus Award, citing her ability to create works that “shine with luminous detail, geometric shapes, and sunlight.”

The Consummate Princetonians

James Floyd
May 14, age 96

James Floyd

In 1971 James Floyd became the first African-American mayor of Princeton township, but he was a positive force for change in the community for years before that.

Floyd was born and raised in Trenton, graduated from West Virginia State, and worked for Stokes Molded Products in Trenton. He moved to Princeton in 1946 after he married Fannie Reeves, a Princeton native. The young couple lived on Quarry Street, in the historically black Witherspoon-Jackson neighborhood.

It was there that Floyd became involved with both the Witherspoon Street Presbyter­ian Church and, in the mid-1950s, as one of the founders of Princeton Community Housing with the goal of ending the de facto racial segregation that existed in the Princeton housing market.

Working alongside Floyd was the late Len Newton, (the father of Lee Eric Newton, also featured in this section). Both men were featured in “Act of Faith,” a short documentary about the integration of Princeton housing that screened at the 2012 New Jersey Film Festival. The film can be viewed on As Floyd put it in a 2012 Times of Trenton article about the film: “You have to stand up and speak out. You cannot be complacent while others are being denied.”

Floyd was deeply familiar with racism in the housing market as one of the first African Americans to purchase a home in a so-called white neighborhood in Princeton. In 1956 the Daily Princetonian recounted the experiences of Floyd and Lankford Bolling, who lived on Witherspoon Street, in a three-part series titled “Princeton and the Negro.”

In the October 24, 1956, issue of the Prince, Donald Kirk writes: “Bolling and Floyd have been searching for homes for six years — homes, that is, which are to their personal tastes. They have not received much sympathy from many of the town’s twelve realtors and real estate agents, who, says Floyd, have a ‘feeling that this is the only section in which a colored person should live.’

“The ‘section’ to which he was alluding is the Witherspoon-John Street area — known as the ‘ghetto.’

“Neither of the two wished to move to another home in that area because most of the houses which they might buy are old and dilapidated, they have said.”

Kirk continues: “Floyd said that the real estate agent has two answers to the Negro looking for a house: either he will say he does not have anything for sale, or he will ‘show you some dilapidated old joint.’

“The only agent in Princeton willing to discuss the subject for publication, Jenny Cortese of Nassau Street, agreed, saying, ‘Other real estate agents don’t help Negroes at all — nobody else will take care of them but me.’ But even she does not approve of placing Negroes into white sections where they ‘do not belong.’”

Kirk also explains that Floyd and Bolling were members of the housing committee and notes its successes:

“Both Bolling and Floyd have had plenty of opportunity to view persons of their same race who are attempting to get homes of their own with price the only criterion for sale.

“They have been members of the Housing Committee since its inception in 1954. The Housing Committee, an informal group which seeks to aid Negroes in their attempts to find adequate housing anywhere in the Prince­ton community, is composed of local pastors — both white and colored — and laymen.

“It ranks among its successes at least two other cases in which it has helped Negroes buy homes in white areas.”

In addition to his work on housing and as part of the Township Committee, Floyd served on the zoning and other government boards as well as working with numerous nonprofits. He was involved with the local chapter of the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, the board of Princeton Cemetery, the United Way, and the Association for the Advancement of Mental Health.

Ray Wadsworth
May 31, age 80

Ray Wadsworth served Princeton in many ways over the years. He founded the Spirit of Princeton civic group, was a fire chief and chaplain of Mercer Engine Company No. 3, and served a stint on the Princeton Borough Council. He also worked on behalf of the town’s youth, founding the Princeton High School post prom, coaching youth football, and acting as a Boy Scout troop leader.

His charity did not stop within the town’s borders: he once bought a fire truck for $1 and had it shipped to Nicaragua where it could continue to save lives.

He was the owner of the Flower Market and Wadsworth Gourmet Bakery in Princeton.

William Trego
March 11, age 87

William Trego

William Trego taught choral music at Princeton High School for 28 years and at Princeton University for 20 years.

He collaborated with his associate director, Nancianne Parrella, to build an award winning choir program at Princeton High School that received and accepted invitations to perform throughout North America and Europe. Past students, some in their 70s, still seek Bill out and they chronicle their memories on a Facebook page titled, “We love William Trego.”

The Princeton University Glee Club said Trego is “revered by generations of music lovers” and credited him with instilling a lifelong love of music in his students. The group named a choir in his honor: The William Trego Singers.

The Academics

Robert Venturi
September 18, age 93

Princeton University’s Frist Campus Center is one of numerous buildings Robert Venturi designed for his alma mater.

Robert Venturi was one of the most influential architects in the world, whose buildings and writings inspired the postmodern architecture movement. In reaction to the simplistic forms of 20th century modern architecture, and the design maxim, “Less is more,” Venturi retorted that “Less is a bore.” In his widely read 1966 treatise “Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture,” Venturi argued for “messy vitality over obvious unity” and “richness of meaning rather than clarity of meaning” even if this meant embracing vernacular taste.

He graduated from Princeton University with a bachelor’s in 1947 and a master’s in 1950. Based in Philadelphia, Venturi founded the practice Venturi Scott Brown Architects together with his wife of 50 years, Denise Scott Brown.

Outside of the area, Venturi is known for designing the expansion to the National Gallery in London and the Seattle Art Museum.

The New York Times characterized his work as “using familiar elements in unfamiliar combinations” in ways that often rankled critics. For example, his Guild House, a retirement home in Philadelphia completed in 1966, has “a flat facade punctured by mismatched windows. Its central bay originally culminated in a gold and aluminum television antenna.”

In 1971 Ada Louise Huxtable, then the architecture critic of The New York Times, said Guild House contained “a perverse assortment of details that sets other architects’ teeth on edge.”

Later in his life, Venturi denied being a “postmodernist” and said he was often more comfortable with his critics than those who agreed with him.

Venturi maintained strong ties to Princeton and his work can be seen in several places on campus. He designed Wu Hall, Lewis Thomas Lab, Fisher Hall and Bendheim Hall and Schultz Lab. In “Iconography and Electronics Upon a Generic Architecture: A View from the Drafting Room,” published in 1993, Venturi remarked on the beloved Princeton campus as a basis for a proposed planning study:

Why does everyone love the Princeton campus and why is it uniquely distinguished as a setting for institutional life?

I think one reason is that the architecture there is both good and varied in its generic manifestations — the Georgian, Tuscan villa, Ruskinian Gothic, and Collegiate Gothic — and in its easy evolutions combining analogous and contrasting relationships among buildings and styles.

Another reason is that the spaces among buildings on this campus are consistently unified and artfully pedestrian in their quality and scale as they evolve from space punctuated by buildings, in the earlier decades, to space directed or enclosed by buildings in later decades.

Campus planning at Princeton has historically combined, balanced, and integrated two approaches that can be distinctly defined. The first is characterized by the original Nassau Hall complex of buildings that projects unifying axes and balancing symmetry among Classical forms as points in space; the second is characterized by the Holder-Hamilton Hall complex where picturesque and continuous form directs and encloses space and is perceived as evolving over time. Both ways are adorable to Prince­tonians as they richly acknowledge and tensely juxtapose the ideal and the pragmatic, the Classical and the Romantic, the formal and the picturesque. But it is important to remember that the various combinings of these two ways in the history of the overall planning of the Princeton campus have been directed distinctly pragmatically rather than grandiosely. Does this make the campus plan a kind of incomplete and therefore ironical whole at any one time?

And there have consistently evolved appropriate balances between growth via expansion at the edges of the campus and growth by infill within the fabric of the campus — and between attention to the whole (not domineering) and to the details (not fussy).

While Princeton’s configurations of space, form, and symbol enhance the aura of the campus, they work too to accommodate institutional programs via various manifestations of generic architecture. And how the connections between form and program acknowledge symbolic content at Princeton was brilliantly analyzed by my mentor, the historian David Drew Egbert, in the Modern Princeton (Princeton University Press, 1947).

During the planning study questions about the ethos and nature of the place and institution must be subtly posed and carefully analyzed among the planners and the users to understand where Princeton is coming from, in order to continue, via the campus plan, to accommodate change and growth for a dynamic and complex future.

The heritage that is Princeton’s and that will be a basis for its future is fragile as well as precious, and, strangely, it is as vulnerable to erosion through analogous relationships within its existing campus fabric as it is to destruction via contrasting relationships. Let us heed the warning of the evolution of the “grounds” of the University of Virginia since its glorious beginning as the Lawn. At that complex by Thomas Jefferson — one of the sublime configurations, educational and architectural, of all time — it’s been downhill ever since.

Anne Treisman
February 9, age 82

Princeton professor Anne Treisman was a major figure in the field of cognitive psychology. Her research focused on how the brain makes sense of the input it receives and how it focuses attention.

The Association for Psychological Science called Treisman “one of the world’s most influential cognitive psychologists.”

Jeremy M. Wolfe, director of the Visual Attention Lab of Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, described the impact of Treisman’s work to the New York Times: “Perhaps Anne’s central insight in the field of visual attention was that she realized that you could see basic features like color, orientation and shape everywhere in the visual field, but that there was a problem in knowing how those colors, orientations, shapes, etc., were ‘bound’ together into objects. Her seminal feature integration theory proposed that selective attention to an object or location enabled the binding of those features and, thus, enabled object recognition. Much argument has followed, but her formulation of the problem has shaped the field for almost four decades.”

Born in Britain, Treisman earned a doctorate in psychology from Oxford in 1962. She worked at various institutions before joining Princeton in 1993, where she worked until her retirement in 2010. In 2013 she received the National Medal of Science from President Barack Obama. She is survived by her husband, psychologist Daniel Kahneman, who won a Nobel Prize in 2002 for his work on behavioral economics.

Louis Zanoni
October 20, age 85

Louis A. Zanoni was co-inventor of the liquid crystal display (LCD), a development that made flat-screen monitors and smartphone displays possible. He grew up in Trenton’s first housing project, attended Trenton High School. After serving in the Navy during the Korean War, he enrolled at the RCA Institutes in New York (now Technical Career Institutes, Inc.) and studied electronics technology and mathematics. Upon graduation with distinction in 1957, he was hired by RCA Laboratories. During his 13 years there, he authored and co-authored more than 30 patents.

In 1970, Lou left RCA to become one of the co-founders of Optel Corporation where they designed and manufactured the first LCD watch. Several years later, he started Zantech Inc., an electronic watch consulting company. He conducted training seminars, wrote two books, and produced training videos for leading companies in the industry (Seiko and Movado, among others). In 1992, with his son, Greg, and wife, Mary, he founded WZBN-TV, a local broadcast station in Mercer County. On May 2, 1993, WZBN-TV broadcast its first local newscast. Lou, son Greg, and daughter Doreen operated the station until 2012 when the station was sold.

Wen Fong
October 3, age 88

Wen Fong was a renowned art historian who had been a member of Princeton University’s faculty sinec 1954. He was born in Shanghai in 1930. He received a classical Chinese education, including training in calligraphy, and moved to the U.S. in 1948 and earned a Ph.D. in Chinese art history at Princeton in 1958. A Princeton colleague described him as a “giant in the field of Chinese art history” who shaped the study of Asian art at the university.

Together with late professor Frederick Mote, Fong established at Princeton the nation’s first Ph.D. program in Chinese art and archaeology. He established Princeton’s Far Eastern Seminar Archives in 1958, which include more than 50,000 photographs of Chinese and Japanese paintings, as well as one of the world’s finest libraries of Asian Art.

He retired in 1999.

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