Morgan Stanley: Jeanne McPartland

In Edison’s Footsteps: Nick Carnevale

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This article by Barbara Fox was published in U.S. 1 Newspaper on

October 20, 1999. All rights reserved.

Freeman Dyson: Ethics & Technology

California’s Silicon Valley, Massachusetts’ Route 128,

and Princeton’s U.S. 1 corridor are all centers for what futurist

Freeman Dyson calls "the new craft industries," built

around computer software and biotechnology. It is the opportunity

to develop these kinds of craft industries in rural areas, he

predicts,

that will help bridge the gap between rich and poor.

Dyson, 75, is professor emeritus of physics at the Institute of

Advanced

Study and is a recipient of the national Book Critics Circle Award,

among many others. His latest book is based on a series of 1997

lectures

at the New York Public Library, "The Sun, the Genome, and the

Internet: Tools of Scientific Revolution" (Oxford University

Press,

$22). He speaks and signs the book on Thursday, October 21, at 6:30

p.m. at Princeton University Store. Call 609-921-8500.

In his 1996 book "Imagined Worlds," Dyson dourly predicted

that developments in the information industry, biotechnology, and

neuro-technology would be "profoundly disruptive, likely to bypass

the poor and reward the rich. If technology continues along the

present

course, the poor will sooner or later rebel against the tyranny of

technology and turn to irrational and violent remedies."

Now Dyson names the three technologies that he believes can work on

a human scale — solar energy, genetic engineering, and world wide

communication. Cottage industries in these three areas can help

villages

keep their young people at home and thus help cities from becoming

slums.

"To make gentrification possible, the villages themselves must

be a source of wealth. How can a godforsaken Mexican village become

a source of wealth? First, solar energy is distributed equitably over

the earth. Second, genetic engineering (with industrial crop plants)

can make solar energy usable everywhere for the local creation of

wealth. Third, the Internet can provide people in every village with

the information and skills they need to develop their talents. The

sun, the genome, and the Internet can work together to bring wealth

to the villages of Mexico, just as the older technology of electricity

and automobiles brought wealth to the villages of England."

Solar energy must be produced on a large scale if it is

to bring craft industries to third-world villages, and Dyson suggests

genetically engineering trees that use sunlight to make fuel. Just

as sugar cane is now converted into alcohol as a substitute for

gasoline,

so Dyson envisions tapping trees to produce an energy fuel. "If

the trees converted sunlight into fuel with 10 percent efficiency,

landowners could sell the fuel for $10,000 per year per acre and

easily

undercut the present price of gasoline. Economic forces will then

move industries from cities to the country."

Genetic engineering: Dyson believes genomic research would

proceed more swiftly if the scientists in this field would behave

more like astronomers who fashion their own tools. "Two of the

essential tools required for the next revolution in biology, the

desktop

sequencer and the desktop protein microscope, do not exist. Why should

biologists wait for some physicist at the University of Washington

to invent them and for some instrument company in Boston or Taiwan

to sell them? They have here an opportunity to be leaders of a

revolution,

not only in biology but in the practice of medicine."

World-wide communication must solve the problem of

large-scale

architecture (to cover the globe, perhaps with the Teledesic system

of satellite communication) and of the last mile (to bring the

Internet

to every house, perhaps with Paul Baran‘s Ricochet system,

involving

small wireless transmitters and receivers). But first the

telecommunications

industry must put a higher priority on reaching the poor than on

inventing

tools for the rich.

Dyson refers to the career path of one of his daughters,

a cardiologist, when he inveighs against current priorities. Like

doctors who forgo strenuous jobs in public hospitals for more

lucrative

private practices, telecommunications executives, he says, are more

likely to focus on new software products rather than on making current

programs more widely accessible. "The top end of the market drives

the development of new products and the new products remain out of

reach of the poor."

Still, Dyson is optimistic about how those working in these

three fields could change society. "Ethics can push technology

in a new direction, away from toys for the rich and towards

necessities

for the poor."

Dyson draws from books by his offspring — George B. Dyson‘s

"Darwin Among the Machines: the Evolution of Global

Intelligence"

and Esther Dyson‘s "Release 2.0, A Design for Living in

the Digital Age." He quotes books by two researchers associated

with Princeton University: Edward Tenner‘s "Why Things Bite

Back: Technology and the Revenge of Unintended Consequences,"

and Lee M. Silver‘s "Remaking Eden."

His theories are also illustrated by his experiences with famous

scientists

who work in, or pass through, Princeton. Reading this elegantly

written

volume is like spending the evening with someone who "knows

everybody

in town" and — better yet — can put those people into

a global context.

Dyson uses a visit from Alexander Wolszczan, a radio-astronomer

from Penn State, to illustrate how the scientific process is supposed

to work. In 1992 Wolszczan had used new software with old telescopes

to discover the first family of extra-solar planets, and when he

visited

astronomers at Princeton, "The proceedings were informal and

superficially

friendly, but there was high tension in the air. Each astronomer who

doubted the reality of Wolszczan’s planets took a turn as prosecuting

attorney. Wolszczan came through the ordeal victorious, (his) skill

and integrity overcoming all opposition from his more senior

colleagues."

Among Dyson’s intriguing theories concerns the liberation of women.

He refers to Tenner’s idea that a step forward in technology for some

tends to bring an unexpected step backward for others. In this vein,

the invention of household appliances liberated the servants but had

a deleterious effect on the academic careers of women. In the 1950s,

middle class women had far less time, he theorizes, for academic and

other pursuits. "To achieve even partial liberation, women have

replaced the old domestic servants with day-care centers, cleaning

ladies, and au pair girls imported from overseas."

Dyson documents his position by citing the dismaying record of women

in the very prestigious permanent faculty positions at the Institute

for Advanced Study: One woman was an original faculty member in the

1930s, but it was not until 1985 that a second woman received a

permanent

appointment.

— Barbara Fox

Top Of Page
Morgan Stanley: Jeanne McPartland

Go where the investors are. That’s a good marketing

model, one being followed by Morgan Stanley Dean Witter, which plans

for several satellite offices, all emanating from its Lenox Drive

headquarters. Jeanne R. McPartland will open one at the

Montgomery Center, on the second floor of the Sovereign Bank building, on Wednesday, October 20, at 5 p.m. The festivities will move to the

Cherry Valley

Country Club at 6 p.m., where McPartland will join two other financial

advisors, N. Chris Pratico and Edward Kubick, to discuss

"Wealth Building Strategies for the New Millennium." Both

events are free; call 609-688-3250.

Jeanne Rothar McPartland grew up in New York City, majored in

education

at St. John’s University, Class of 1969, and earned a master’s from

Buffalo State. After teaching high school biology she took graduate

business courses at the University of Toledo and switched careers.

"In teaching, I had learned a lot of good platform skills, and

I had a natural tendency to financial services," says McPartland.

"I had a deep interest in the stock market because as a very young

person I had my own portfolio," she says. McPartland had been

manager of Dean Witter’s Palmer Square office when it moved to Lenox

Drive; then she had the job of associate national marketing director

for personal trusts and 401k plans at a national office in Jersey

City. Governor Christie Whitman appointed her as a public member of

the state board of accountancy. McPartland lives in Bedminster with

her husband, who works for J&J’s OrthoDiagnostics. They have three

children, two in college and one in medical school.

McPartland leased this 1,400 square foot-office through Hilton Realty.

She has two assistants and three "registered representatives"

or brokers for this full service brokerage. Clients who prefer to

do their own trading are referred to another Morgan Stanley Dean

Witter

entity, Discover Brokerage.

Why Montgomery? "We did a number of demographic studies and

determined

that it is one of the fastest growing townships and has one of the

higher per capita incomes." The company is also considering

expansions

to downtown Princeton, Pennington, Flemington, and Freehold.

Top Of Page
In Edison’s Footsteps: Nick Carnevale

A community leader, a successful alumnus, and a

high-tech

entrepreneur will receive Spirit of Edison Awards at the Great

Halloween

Ball to be staged by Thomas Edison State College on Saturday, October

30, at 6:30 p.m. at the Hyatt. The awards will be presented to

Nicholas

L. Carnevale, John McCann, and Alfred E. Mann. Costumes

and/or

masks are optional for the silent auction, cocktails, dinner, dancing

and entertainment. $250.

After retiring as chairman of the Walter B. Howe insurance company,

Carnevale set up his own consulting practice. He has been on the

college’s

board of directors for 13 years and was chairman for five years.

"It

is Nick’s enthusiastic `spirit’ for Thomas Edison State College that

has enabled him to encourage board members to actively participate

in the many spectacular events and fund-raisers sponsored by the

college

over the years," says George Pruitt, president of the

college.

McCann majored in finance at the college, Class of 1990, and is

managing

director and chief operating officer for New York-based Lynch, Jones

& Ryan Inc. He is chairman of the college’s "Investing in

Performance"

campaign committee.

Mann, who lives in Los Angeles and has bachelor’s and master’s degrees

from UCLA, founded his first business in 1956. In all, he founded,

financed, and operated six technology companies including four

biotechs

— Pacesetter, Siemens InfusionSystems, MiniMed Inc., and Advanced

Bionics, plus two other companies, one in electrophysics and the other

in semiconductors. Pacesetter is now the second largest company in

the pacemaker industry. Mann worked with Siemens when he sold

Pacesetter

to Siemens, and this partnership resulted in the development of a

hospital infusion pump. Minimed produces implantable pumps used by

60,000 diabetics. Advanced Bionics is working in the area of

stimulating

hearing in deaf people. Scientists at his foundation produced the

technology that resulted in the cochlear hearing implant.

"The awards are presented to recognize community leaders and

alumni

whose creativity, commitment, and entrepreneurial spirit reflect the

pioneering genius of Thomas Alva Edison," says Pruitt. Pruitt,

who is quite a community leader himself, has just been elected to

the top volunteer position at the Mercer County Chamber of Commerce.

Top Of Page
Donate Please

The March of Dimes hopes to raise $40,000 this year

by selling its "Blue Jeans for Babies" button or stickers,

which entitle wearers to dress-down at work. Each button costs $5,

which goes to research in gene therapy, prevention of premature labor,

and prenatal care. T-shirts can also be purchased for $10. Corporate

sponsor Source One Personnel in Lawrenceville and Princeton is also

offering all BJFB participating companies one free hour of temp

service

for every $100 they raise. Call 609-655-7400, extension 207.

Top Of Page
Donate Please

Lawrenceville’s Main Street Project is hoping to raise

money for further civic improvement in downtown Lawrenceville by

selling

engraved bricks. The bricks will be installed and extend along Main

Street from the intersection with Craven Lane to Gordon Avenue. Call

609-219-9300.


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