Corrections or additions?
These articles by Melinda Sherwood were published in U.S. 1
Newspaper on September 15, 1999. All rights reserved.
Dot.cc — Second Chance — On Domain Names
If you missed out on that ideal domain name —
— you may have a second chance. Dot cc (.cc) and dot to (.to)
are being thrown into standard use just like .com, .gov, .edu, .org
and other country top level domains (TLDs). Dot cc in particular is
like the second coming of .com. Amazon and Intel have already claimed
their names on the cc network (Amazon.cc and Intel.cc) to preserve
their unique identities.
If you haven’t already, you should receive something in the mail
from eNic, which has authority over dot cc TLDs. eNic is giving
a chance to copy their existing domain name over to the cc network
(www.yourcompany.cc) before it goes up for sale to anyone. The mass
mailing looks a bit sketchy — some people actually mistake it
for interNIC (the .com people) because the names are similar —
but it’s not a scam, says Fred Gardner, manager of sales engineers
for the east region at Verio, the national ISP and domain-based Web
hoster. "It’s just another way of putting your name on the
he says. "The last time I checked there were only about 22 single
words in the English language still left for domain names with .com,
so people are looking for alternatives."
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, the organization solely
for TLD name assignments, originally designated .cc for the Cocos
Islands in the Indian Ocean and .to for Tonga in the South Pacific.
Since connectivity is poor in those parts of the world, says Gardner,
the root servers were located here in the U.S. Subsequently, the
names went up for sale on the worldwide market and are sure to
a steady stream of income for the islands.
Don’t expect to register a .cc or .to name through interNIC, the .com
people, however. Just about any local ISP can do it for you, or you
can register directly with the root servers — eNic
or Tonic (http://www.tonic.to). Just go to the either site and see
if your name is still available. The cost for a two-year contract
is $100. eNic also offers free Web and E-Mail forwarding, as well.
So if you buy the domain you want, it will immediately point visitors
to the URL that actually exists. So if you picked a short straw when
the .coms came along — don’t fret. There’s a name for everyone
She’s been called a "technodiva," and an
video game designer," but before Brenda Laurel
Purple Moon, a company that creates video games for girls, Laurel
was what you might call a drama queen — she held a PhD in theater
and was doing experimental art shows with the likes of `60s drug guru
It’s Bill Gates who might benefit from Laurel’s theatrics now. Known
in the computing industry as both a feminist and pioneer in
interface, Laurel has been an interactive consultant for Apple
Fujitsu Laboratories, Lucasfilm Games, Sony Picture and Paramount
New Media. She comes to town to discuss "The Year of the
on Tuesday, September 21, at 4:30 p.m. at Trayes Hall at the Douglass
College Center in New Brunswick. The lecture is free. Call
Laurel earned both an MFA and PhD at Ohio State, and started out
and programming computer games for CyberVision in 1977. She then went
to marketing at Atari, before jumping into a product development
position at Activision.
Laurel’s take on computing: using the fundamentals of art and drama
to make interface invisible. In an interview peppered with curse
Laurel explained to Mark J. Jones of Cyberstage, "it’s really
about what art has always been about, namely figuring out how to
create spaces of the right shape and size that invite the
do something that feels good, as opposed to packing people’s heads
full of stimulation."
Men and women, girls and boys, also communicate differently, Laurel
says, and search for different clues in computer interfaces. But
men are typically software designers, it’s almost always geared to
how they think. In 1992, Laurel was part of a research effort at
Research that illustrated the gender-slant of modern computing using
video games as an example. The organization reported that in computer
games girls prefer:
leading characters with "superpowers."
outcomes. A boy’s goal is usually to win — outcome is black
That knowledge became the basis for Purple Moon, the software company
dedicated to games for girls that Laurel founded in 1996, and could
very well be the basis for the next generation of computer interface
Business and politics are inextricably intertwined,
but for a woman striving to make it to political office, business
is the critical launching pad, says Mary Hawkesworth
of the Center of American Women & Politics at the Eagleton Institute
of Politics at Rutgers. "Many men run for office having done some
work in the political parties to which they belonged," she says.
"Women have more typically worked for volunteer organizations,
or have been appointed to a board and they use that appointed office
to get name recognition, to establish political ties, and to build
Case in point: Elizabeth Dole
Although they have put the spotlight on women politicians, both
have the political ties, not to mention the financial clout, to pry
open the door to the men’s club. "The sad fact of American
life is that money is important to a political campaign," says
Hawkesworth, whose job at Eagleton includes tracking from candidacy
to election 3,000 women who have run for office and analyzing why
they did or didn’t get into office. "But given that money is a
constant, and women are drastically underrepresented, it is important
to pay attention to the women who have the courage to run."
How they can win office is the topic of discussion on Wednesday,
22, when Hawkesworth puts her head together with East Brunswick
Council president Meryle Asaro
Network meeting at the Holiday Inn in Princeton at 6 p.m. Call
Hawkesworth earned a BA in political science at UMass, Amherst, Class
of 1974, and received her Ph.D. at Georgetown. She spent 20 years
at Kentucky in political science before joining the Institute in 1998.
What are some of the differences between men and women who
make it to office? One in every seven male legislators is a lawyer,
says Hawkesworth, but only 1 in 20 women legislators are. "Women
have not been able to use the law as a career ladder in the same way
as men have," says Hawkesworth. "For an enormous amount of
women it’s been working behind the scenes. The parties have seen men
as viable candidates, but they have screened women out."
Once women get elected to office, says Hawkesworth, they work
and prioritize differently than their male counterparts, says
"We know for a fact that women legislators feel much more
to work for family and children. It’s one thing to introduce
it’s different to work behind the scenes to get it enacted."
— Melinda Sherwood
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