V. Ramaswamy, left, Sonya Legg, and Whit Anderson of GFDL; geosciences professors Gabriel Vecchi and Jorge Sarmiento; and Craig McLean of NOAA.

Researchers at Princeton University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) have been awarded up to $40 million over five years to fund a new cooperative institute that focuses on earth system research.

The Cooperative Institute for Modeling the Earth System aims to understand and predict the earth’s climate system across time scales from days to decades, on local to global scales, and with particular focus on extreme weather and problems of relevance to society, including impacts on marine ecosystems, drought, and air quality.

The new institute enables Prince­ton and GFDL to continue collaborative work begun under the Cooperative Institute for Climate Science, founded with funding from NOAA 15 years ago. GFDL is located in Plainsboro, about three miles from Princeton University’s main campus.

“This decision enables us to continue groundbreaking research that Princeton University and GFDL have been doing for the past 50 years on the Earth system,” said Jorge Sarmiento, Princeton professor of geoscience and geological engineering. “Through this collaboration, the university contributes academic expertise that advances the study of a broad earth system model that incorporates biogeochemistry to improve our understanding of the earth and its future.”

Sarmiento will be director of the new institute. Gabriel Vecchi, professor of geosciences and the Princeton Environmental Institute, will be the deputy director. Sonya Legg, senior research oceanographer in atmospheric and oceanic sciences, will serve as the associate director.

“Our cooperative institutes are critical to NOAA’s ability to address emerging needs and train the next generation of researchers,” said Craig McLean, assistant NOAA administrator for oceanic and atmospheric research. “The Cooperative Institute for Modeling the Earth System at Princeton University offers world-class breadth and depth of scientific expertise that would be impossible to recreate inside a federal agency alone.”

The institute combines GFDL’s expertise in numerical climate modeling, which involves the use of computer models to predict climate change, with Princeton’s world-renowned scientists and engineers as well as public policy experts who shape national and international responses to earth system change.

The research will involve graduate students and postdoctoral researchers at both institutions, providing outstanding opportunities to train the next generation of leaders in earth system sciences through the graduate and postdoctoral programs in Princeton’s Program in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences (AOS). The institute will also broaden the participation of underrepresented groups in earth system science through summer internships, visiting faculty exchange fellowships, and research collaborations with a diverse range of institutions.

CIMES research will study earth system modeling, predictions across time and space, and earth systems analysis and applications.

Earth system modeling means improving and developing numerical models to simulate the climate and Earth system. These models include the dynamical, physical, chemical, and biological components of the atmosphere, ocean, and land, and interactions between them.

Seamless predictions across time and space includes applying Earth system models to predictions on time-scales from days to centuries and over spatial scales from local to global scales. The studies will include a focus on extreme weather as well as the predictability of different weather and climate events.

Earth system analysis and applications involves using models to understand the impacts of environmental variations on problems of relevance to society, including marine ecosystems, water availability and air quality.

NOAA selected CIMES for funding after an open, competitive evaluation process. The award provides up to $40 million over five years with the potential to renew for another five years based on successful performance.

CIMES will be one of 16 cooperative institutes that NOAA supports to conduct research and provide educational programming to students and postdoctoral associates in oceanic and atmospheric science.

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, 201 Princeton Forrestal Campus, Box 308, Princeton 08542. 609-452-6500. V. Ramaswamy, director. www.gfdl.noaa.gov.

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