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This review by Frank Rivera was prepared for the November 10,

2004 issue of U.S. 1 Newspaper. All rights reserved.

Art Review: Euro-American Exchange

The show "West to Wesselmann: American Drawings and Watercolors" now

at the Princeton University Art Museum includes 77 representative

works on paper drawn from the museum’s permanent collection. Organized

by Professor John Wilmerding and Laura M. Giles, curator of prints and

drawings, the work is handsomely installed. There is a cohesive feel

and singularity sought but rarely achieved in survey exhibitions.

A fully-illustrated 386-page book, which traces the history of

American art at Princeton, accompanies the exhibition. This show

affords the visitor a tidy overview of the 1,300 drawings and

watercolors in the collection.

A subtext of the exhibition, which begins with the allegorical

romanticism of Benjamin West (1738-1820), who lived and worked in

England, is the Euro-American exchange. The show concludes with a

drawing by contemporary pop artist Tom Wesselmann, who began

exhibiting abroad early in his career.

Even the leading exponent of the ultra-American Hudson River School,

English-born Thomas Cole (1801-1848), returned to Europe for three

years while still in his formative 20s. While there he assimilated the

work of Turner. One of Cole’s sketchbooks is included in this show,

along with sketchbooks by Thomas Nast and William Glackens.

Also included are the famous expatriates, Mary Cassatt (1845-1926) and

John Singer Sargent (1856-1925), two artists who stayed in Europe. The

show illustrates the way in which native-born artists were able to

hold onto their American identity while absorbing the latest

revolutions in European art.

Charles Herbert Moore delivers fastidious pen work in a drawing

entitled "Pine Tree" (1868). The exhibition documents late 19th

century tendencies – like the rugged chiaroscuro of Philadelphian

Thomas Eakins and the dissolving contours of American impressionism,

as practiced by Bostonian Lillian Westcott Hale.

Westcott Hale achieved such weightless silky grays that it prompted

fellow artist William Paxton to say that she appeared to be drawing

with butterfly wings. In her drawing of a young woman, entitled

"Floretta," the sitter is positioned in front of a floral-patterned

wall. The model handles a string of beads that echo her luxuriant

flowing hair.

Parlor room subject matter faded with the emergence of the Ash Can

School (active from about 1908 through the early 1920s), and was

replaced with the rough and tumble subjects of urban landscape and

working-class life. Led by the influential teacher and painter Robert

Henri, former newspaper illustrators Everett Shinn, George Luks, John

Sloan, and William Glackens formed the group known as the Ash Can

School. Henri is represented here by a wonderful blue ink wash drawing

of a seated woman.

For those artists who had not yet traveled to Europe, Europe came to

New York in fast-breaking installments, beginning in 1908 when

American photographer Alfred Stieglitz opened his gallery at 291 Fifth

Avenue. The gallery became ground zero for the Stieglitz circle, which

generated a hotbed of ideas shared by such painters as Charles Demuth,

Arthur Dove, John Marin, and Georgia O’Keeffe, later Stieglitz’s wife.

Although the museum’s prized O’Keeffe was made years after the gallery

closed its doors, the exquisite abstraction posing as an orchid is a

testament to that fertile period of cross-pollination. Although his

work is not in this show, Stieglitz’s influence, like that of Henri,

is keenly felt.

By the time of Stieglitz’s death in 1946, European styles had adopted

a distinctly American vernacular due in large part to the emigres

coming from Paris to New York at the time of World War II. This

fitting reversal of the previous century, when the shuttle was from

New York to Paris, would establish New York as the undisputed art

capital of the world. In this show the period is ably represented by

single works of Arshile Gorky, Jackson Pollock, and Robert Motherwell.

There are of course many omissions, but the quality of the Gorky and

the Pollock are impressive.

The untitled drawing by Pollock, a kind of double-headed bull hovering

like some menacing weather balloon, is thought to have been inspired

by Picasso’s preparatory drawings for his famous "Guernica" and seen

by Pollock in the Valentine Gallery in New York in 1939. This powerful

drawing is a unique example of his image-based expressionism.

Work from the late 1950s and 1960s that was not available for

inclusion in this exhibition is almost more noticeable than the

inclusions. On view are works by Claes Oldenberg, Wayne Thiebaud, Lee

Bontecou, Eric Fischl, Alex Katz and, of course, Tom Wesselmann. None

of these works is particularly distinguished. One assumes that over

time the gaps will fill in as purchase funds become available and

bequests are made. In the meantime we are grateful for what we have.

West to Wesselman, American drawings and watercolors in the Princeton

University Art Museum, through January 9; Tuesday through Saturday, 10

a.m. to 5 p.m., Sunday, 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. Call 609-258-1860 or visit

Top Of Page
Related Events

Two Perspectives on American Drawings and Watercolors discussion and

reception. Thursday, November 11, 4:30 p.m. With Kathleen A. Foster,

Robert L. McNeil Jr. Curator of American Art, Philadelphia Museum of

Art, and Harriet K. Stratis, Head of Paper Conservation, the Art

Institute of Chicago. McCormick 101.

Themes and Variations in American Drawings and Watercolors, Talk with

Laura M. Giles, curator of prints and drawings, Princeton University

Art Museum. Friday, November 12, 12:30 p.m.

Musick from the Age of Copley, West, and Stuart with Eugene Roan,

harpsichord and John Burkhalter, English flutes. Sunday, November 14,

6 p.m. Reception to follow. Reservations: 609 258-3043 or

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Art in Town

CG Gallery, 10 Chambers Street, Princeton, 609-683-1988. Exhibit by

Shelly Lependorf and Stan Shire. Tuesday to Saturday, 11 a.m. to 6

p.m. Through November 30.

Dynasty Arts, 20 Nassau Street, Unit F, 609-688-9388. The recently

opened Chinese antique and art gallery features a silk-screen series,

"Last Dynasty," oil and watercolor, and limited edition prints. Artist

and owner, Lu Zuogeng, combines Chinese brushwork with Western

watercolor. Also, Chinese antique furniture of Ming and Qing

dynasties. Tuesday-Saturday, 11 a.m. to 6:30 p.m., and Sunday, noon to

5 p.m.

Historical Society of Princeton, Bainbridge House, 158 Nassau Street,

609-921-6748. "Princeton Recollects" exhibition was organized to

celebrate the accomplishments of the Princeton History Project. The

exhibition includes original letters, documents, and artifacts. Free.

Tuesday through Sunday, noon to 4 p.m.

Marsha Child Contemporary, 220 Alexander Street, 609-497-7330. Group

exhibition of art by new artists from The Netherlands, Argentina, and

the United States. Tuesday to Saturday, 10:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.; and

by appointment. Through November 30.

Nassau Presbyterian Church, 61 Nassau Street, Princeton, 609-924-0103.

"Images," an exhibit of photographs and drawings by Janet C.

Eschenlauer. Through December 5. Weekdays, 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. and

2 to 4 p.m.; Sundays, 10:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.

Princeton Jewish Center, 435 Nassau Street, 609-921-0100. An exhibit

of abstract acrylic painting inspired by flowers and gardens by

Princeton resident Gilda K. Aronovic. Tuesday to Thursday, 10 a.m. to

5 p.m.; Friday until 3 p.m.; and Sunday from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Closed

Saturdays. Through December 5.

Small World Coffee, 14 Witherspoon Street, 609-924-4377. Exhibit of

oil and acrylic canvasses created by Princeton resident Jannick

Wildberg. Through December 7.

The Williams Gallery, 6 Olden Lane, 609-921-1142. Exhibit features the

works of a selection of artists from Japan, Australia, Germany, The

Netherlands, and the United States. Through November 27.

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Area Galleries

The Artful Deposit Gallery, 201 Farnsworth Avenue, Bordentown,

609-298-6970. "Against the Grain," an exhibit of woodcuts and

paintings by Thomas Kelly. Gallery open Tuesday through Sunday. Show

runs to November 21.

Babbet Gallery, 120 Georges Road, New Brunswick, 732-828-5150. Group

exhibition featuring art work by the Princeton Artists Alliance in

honor of the gallery’s 20th anniversary. The alliance was founded in

1989 by artists seeking opportunities to exhibit as a group and to

offer educational events to the community. Artists with works on

exhibit include Joanne Augustine, Hetty Baiz, Anita Benarde, Clem

Fiori, Carol Hanson, Shellie Jacobson, Margaret K. Johnson, Nancy Lee

Kern, Marsha Levin-Roger, Lore Lindenfeld, Elizabeth L. Lombardi, Pat

Martin, Charles McVicker, Lucy Graves McVicker, Ruane Miller, Harry I.

Naar, Barbara Osterman, Tina Salvesen, Madelaine Shellaby, Marie

Sturken, and William Vandever. Through November 19.

Firehouse Gallery, 8 Walnut Street, Bordentown, 609-298-3742. A show

of artwork by gallery owner Eric Gibbons, and his great aunt, Anita

Gish. Both have collections throughout the world. Through December 18

to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the exhibition.

Also, "Wizard of Oz Exhibition," a show of photographic monoprints

created by Eric Gibbons from the movie. Each image is unique,

un-repeatable, and have a dreamlike quality. On view through December


Gallery 14, 14 Mercer Street, Hopewell, 609-333-8511. "The Large

Print," a contemporary photography show by the members of Gallery 14.

Photographs are no less than 16 by 20 and some reach 50 inches.

Gallery hours are Saturday and Sunday, noon to 5 p.m., and by

appointment. Exhibit through November 14.

Gold Medal Impressions, 43 Princeton Hightstown Road, West Windsor,

609-606-9001. Newly-expanded gallery of photographer Richard Druckman,

a freelance photographer for Associated Press. Six rooms and over 250

photographs of professional football, basketball, hockey, tennis, and

Olympic events. Photographs for sale are matted and framed and in a

variety of sizes and prices. Gallery is open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Gourgaud Gallery, Cranbury Town Hall, Schoolhouse Lane, Cranbury,

609-395-0900. Exhibition of mixed media entitled "Eclectic

Expressions" by Allentown artist Susan Winter. Works include oil,

pastel, and watercolor renditions of local scenes and people. Through

November 28, Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.; and Sundays noon to 3


Grounds For Sculpture, 18 Fairgrounds Road, Hamilton, 609-586-0616.

Sculptures by David Paul Bacharach and Vesna Yankovich. Bacharach’s

‘The Philadelphia Quilt Series,’ features woven and folded steel and

copper wall hangings. Yankovich created baskets woven on a fabric

loom, then sewn together. Tuesday to Sunday, 11:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. In

the Toad Hall Shop and Gallery through December 31.

Also, a seasonal outdoor sculpture exhibition featuring the ISC

Outstanding Student Achievement Awards Exhibition. "Twisted Logic" by

Patrick Dougherty, "Earthwords and Geoglyphs" by Australian artist

Andrew Rogers. Through May 1, 2005.

Lambertville Public Library, 6 Lily Street, Lambertville,

609-397-0275. Opening reception for the first solo exhibition for

artist Bette Baer, "Diversity: Recent Paintings and Ceramic Art,"

revealing her whimsical works of paint and clay. Through November 20.

La Principessa Ristorante, Route 27, Kingston Mall, 609-921-3043. "La

Dolce Vita," a collection of original photographs from Italia by Ed

Tseng. The exhibition remains on permanent display. Restaurant hours

are Tuesday to Friday, 11:30 a.m. to 10 p.m.; Saturday, 5 to 10 p.m.;

and Sunday, 4:30 to 9 p.m.

Montgomery Center for the Arts, 124 Montgomery Road, Skillman,

609-921-3272. Annual juried show of works of art in oil, acrylic,

origami, watercolors, pastels, collages, prints, photographs, and wood

sculpture. Curated by Frances Chaves, the executive director. Through

November 21.

Morpeth Gallery, 43 West Broad Street, Hopewell, 609-333-9393. Group

exhibition featuring recent paintings and still life curated by

Lafuente in conjunction with her solo exhibition. Tuesday through

Saturday, 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. Through November 20.

Plainsboro Public Library, 641 Plainsboro Road, 609-275-2897. Murali

Harathi of Plainsboro presents a watercolor exhibit, "Pushing Past:

The Royal Palaces of Hyderabad." Harathi, an architect and

construction engineer, renders architectural details of buildings

amidst people and seasons. Art chat on Sunday, November 21, 3 p.m.

Through December 5. Monday and Friday, 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.; Tuesday to

Thursday, 9 a.m. to 8:30 p.m.; Saturday and Sunday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Printmaking Council of New Jersey, 440 River Road, North Branch

Station, 908-725-2110. Annual juried show featuring prints by 31

members. Artworks include woodcuts, etchings, digital prints, and

handmade paper. Through January 22, 2005. Sale through December 18.

Wednesday through Friday, 11 a.m. to 4 p.m.; Saturday, 1 to 4 p.m.

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Campus Arts

Princeton University Art Museum, 609-258-3788. The museum’s galleries

are open Tuesday to Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; and Sunday, 1 to 5

p.m. Tours are given on Saturdays at 2 p.m.

"Bringing into Being: Materials and Techniques in American Prints 1950

to 2000," an exhibition of 30 prints by American artists. Through

January 23, 2005.

"Contemporary Photographs from the Museum Collection." Through January

23, 2005.

Lawrenceville School, Gruss Center of Visual Arts, Lawrenceville,

609-620-6026. "Selections from the Raab Collection," a collection of

original historical documents by Washington, Adams, Jefferson,

Lincoln, Roosevelt, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Reagan, Lee, Grant,

and Churchill. Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday, from 9 a.m. to

noon, and 1 to 4 p.m.; Wednesday and Saturday, 9 a.m. to noon. Through

December 15 (Closed November 23 to 30).

Erdman Gallery at Erdman Hall, Princeton Theological Seminary, 20

Library Place, Princeton, 609-497-7990. Exhibit "The Best of Us," by

disabled artists. Through December 10. Free.

Rider University Art Gallery, Student Center, 2083 Lawrencelle Road,

609-895-5588. "Wilbur Niewald: A Retrospective," an exhibit of still

lifes, figures, and paintings, by Wilbur Niewald. Through December 12.

Tuesday through Thursday, 11 a.m. to 7 p.m.; Sundays from noon to 4


Rutgers University, Alexander Library, 732-932-7505. "The Mask of

Ceremony: Recently Acquired Festival Books," a study of the elaborate

festivals that monarchs and church officials staged in Renaissance

Europe to proclaim their power. Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.;

Saturday, 1 to 5 p.m. Through November 19.

Zimmerli Art Museum, George and Hamilton streets, New Brunswick,

732-932-7237. "Beyond Memory: Soviet Nonconformist Photography and

Photo-Related Works of Art." Also, "Photo-related Works of Art." Both

through November 28.

"Alexsandr Arefiev and the Artists of His Circle." Through December

31, 2004. "Designs for Theater, Opera, and Dance." Through February

13, 2005. "Transcultural New Jersey: Residents and Visitor, Works on

Paper from the Collection of the Newark Public Library. Through

January 2, 2005. Pastels in Paris: From the Fin-de Siecle to La Belle

Epoque." Through January 30. "Beyond the Border: Picturing Mexico in

Children’s Book Illustrations." Through February 6, 2005.

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Art in the Workplace

Bristol-Myers Squibb, Hopewell Campus, 609-252-5120. Outdoor sculpture

show features works by seven prominent East Coast artists: Hope Carter

of Hopewell, Kate Dodd, Richard Heinrich, John Isherwood, Joel

Perlman, John Van Alstine, and Jay Wholley. Exhibition is on view

during business hours and will remain for two years.

The artists were selected by a panel composed of Alejandro Anreus,

veteran curator and scholar, Jeffrey Nathanson of the International

Sculpture Center, and visual artist Sheba Sharrow, working under the

guidance of Kate Somers, curator of the company’s corporate gallery in


Gallery at Bristol-Myers Squibb, Route 206, Lawrenceville,

609-252-6275. An exhibit featuring the work of Roswell Weidner. Known

as a landscape painter, he also painted still life, cityscapes, and

portraits. Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.; weekends, 1 to 5 p.m.

Through November 14.

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Art by the River

Artists’ Gallery, 32 Coryell Street, Lambertville. "Now and Then: The

Art of Merle Citron and B.A. Keogh," an exhibit of paintings,

sculpture, and experimental art. Through November 28. Friday through

Sunday, 11 a.m. to 6 p.m.

Coryell Gallery, 8 Coryell Street, Lambertville, 609-397-0804. Annual

fall show with featured artists Colette Sexton with oil painting and

Gabrielle Baumgartner with watercolors. Wednesday to Sunday, noon to 5

p.m. Through November 14.

Gratz Gallery, 30 West Bridge Street, New Hope, 215-862-4300.

"Pennsylvania Painters and the Philadelphia Ten." Wednesday to

Saturday, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.; Sunday, noon to 6 p.m.; and by

appointment. To November 14.

New Hope Arts, Union Square, West Bridge Street and Union Square

Drive, New Hope, 215-862-3396. Second annual New Hope Sculpture

Exhibition featuring an indoor exhibition of works by 43 artists and

an outdoor show of seven large-scale works.

Robert Beck Painting Studio, 21 Bridge Street, Lambertville,

609-397-5679. Robert Beck’s "Separate Stories" featuring images

painted in Michigan, Maine, the Jersey shore, and the Lambertville

area. Weekends noon to 5 p.m., weekdays by appointment. To November


Travis Gallery, 6089 Lower York Road, New Hope, 215-794-3903. "River

Reflections," an exhibit of recent paintings by Daniel Anthonisen.

Through November 27. Tuesday to Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

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Art In Trenton

Druch Studio Gallery, 920 Brunswick Avenue, Trenton, 609-394-3698.

"Gleaning DeLight," an oil painting exhibit by Jadwiga Heidi

Jedrzejczyk. Through November 28.

Ellarslie, Trenton City Museum, Cadwalader Park, 609-989-3632. "Blue

Notes: Chronicling the Blues from Polk County to Trenton." Photographs

by Phil McAuliff, Gary Saretzky, Eugene Piere, and Deborah Raven.

Tuesday to Saturday, 11 a.m. to 3 p.m.; Sundays, 1 to 4 p.m. Through

December 5.

The Old Barracks Museum, Barrack Street, Trenton, 609-396-1776.

"Furniture, Curios and Pictures: 100 Years of Collecting by the Old

Barracks," a display in the gallery is included in the tour fee. Every

day, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

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Area Museums

American Hungarian Foundation Museum, 300 Somerset Street, New

Brunswick, 732-846-5777. "Enchanting Modern: Ilonka Karasz 1896-1981"

Tuesday to Saturday, 11 a.m. to 4 p.m.; and Sunday, 1 to 4 p.m.

Through February 6, 2005.

Hunterdon Museum of Art, 7 Lower Center Street, Clinton, 908-735-8415.

Exhibition of unusual, eccentric, and functional furnishings by

well-known studio furniture designers and by emerging artists. Guest

co-curators are Hildreth York and Ingrid Renard. Tuesday to Sunday, 11

a.m. to 5 p.m. To January 9. 2005.

Mercer Museum, Pine and Ashland streets, Doylestown, 215-345-0210.

"White House or Bust," the history of presidential campaigns from

broadsides to bumper stickers. Through November 21.

James A. Michener Art Museum, Union Square Complex, Bridge Street, New

Hope, 215-340-9800. "Creative Bucks County: A Celebration of Art and

Artists," featuring 19th and 20th century painters, writers,

composers, and playwrights. Also on exhibit, "Pennsylvania

Impressionists of the New Hope School." $6; $2 youth. Tuesday to

Thursday, 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Friday and Saturday, 11 a.m. to 8 p.m.;

and Sunday noon to 6 p.m. Closed Mondays.

James A. Michener Art Museum, 138 South Pine Street, Doylestown,

215-340-9800. "The Artists Among Us," a permanent interactive exhibit

dedicated to the history and legacy of the artists who have made New

Hope an internationally recognized arts colony. It is a permanent

exhibition. Open Tuesday to Friday, 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.; Saturday 10

a.m. to 5 p.m.; and Sunday noon to 5 p.m. Museum admission $6.50

adults; $4 students.

Also, "Edward W. Redfield: Just Values and Fine Settings," an

exhibition of over 50 works created by the 20th century Pennsylvania

impressionist. The exhibit features works from early students

drawings, landscapes painted in France, and some pieces never before

on public view. Through January 9, 2005.

Also, an exhibition, "Selma Bortner: Body of Work," containing

Bortner’s prints from the late 1960s to 2004 including her New Mexico

landscape series. On view to January 30, 2005.

Philadelphia Museum of Art, 709-721 Catharine Street, Philadelphia,

215-922-3456. "African Art, African Voices: Long Steps Never Broke A

Back," a display of African Art, runs through Jan. 2, 2005.

Also, an exhibit of 88 paintings focuses on Rajput courts of India

from the 17th to 19th centuries. Illustrates themes of pious devotion,

poetic love, the play of Hindu gods, and the pleasures and intrigues

of court life. Exhibit runs through mid-April 2005.

Museum hours are Tuesday to Friday, 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.; Saturday and

Sunday, noon to 5 p.m. Spotlight tours every Sunday at 2 and 3 p.m.

Admission $3 adults; under 18 free. Free admission on the first Sunday

of each month.

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology,

3620 South Street, Philadelphia, 215-898-4000. Australian Aboriginal

Paintings of the Wolfe Creek Crater. The museum is open Tuesday

through Saturday, 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. and Sunday 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. $8,

adults; $5, students and seniors. Exhibit runs through Sunday,

February 27, 2005.

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